Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Thursday, October 25, 2012

Richard Mourdock, the consistent Christian

 
 

Sent to you by Karl via Google Reader:

 
 

via Secular Right by Heather Mac Donald on 10/24/12

"I just struggled with it myself for a long time but I came to realize: Life is that gift from God that I think even if life begins in that horrible situation of rape, that it is something that God intended to happen."

Ummm . . . what's not theologically accurate about that statement?  Whether we construe Indiana Republican Senate candidate Richard Mourdock's statement generously and limit it to his obvious intentions—that the life that results from a rape is a gift that God intends to happen—or construe it less favorably to what Mourdock meant to say but faithfully to Christian theology—that God intended the rape that impregnates the victim—either interpretation is required by the idea of an omniscient, omnipotent God.  Given the nonstop stream of prayers that believers send God's way every second, seeking favorable dispositions of, inter alia, their home foreclosure, their bypass operation, the election, the aftermath of an earthquake and every other natural disaster (belatedly),  it's clear that believers rightly reason that there is not a single aspect of life invisible to the all-powerful God and over which he fails to exercise utter control (even if he sometimes seems to get a little distracted).  I mean, if he can perform such Iron Age miracles as ventriloquizing through a burning bush , he can sure as heck prevent a rape if he chose to do so.  His will has no option but to be done. 

 

Non-believers are supposed to respect belief as something deeply thought-out.  But it turns out that Christians are actually closet Manicheans, unable to live with the unpalatable consequences of their theology:

 

"As a pro-life Catholic, I'm stunned and ashamed that Richard Mourdock believes God intended rape," said Dan Parker, chairman of the Indiana Democratic Party.

"Victims of rape are victims of an extremely violent act, and mine is not a violent God."

So if there are aspects of life that God does not control, he is not omnipotent, but just one magical force among many. 

The Mourdock faux pas in airing the ineluctable implications of Christian belief will cost the Republican party.  That belief itself, of course, will escape unscathed.    

 

Share


 
 

Things you can do from here:

 
 

Some Fact Checkers Are Better Than Others

In too many cases, "fact checking" has become a synonym for "advocacy".

Some Fact Checkers Are Better Than Others


via The Weekly Standard Blog by Mark Hemingway on 10/24/12

Since I've become a pretty outspoken critic of "fact checking", I often get asked if there's any media fact checking efforts I approve of. The short answer is no, not really.
The long answer is that, while they're all bad, some are better than others. The Center for Media and Public Affairs at George Mason University, whose work studying the results of media fact checking I have previously noted, is out with a new analysis. They've compared the work of PolitiFact to the Washington Post's fact checker, Glenn Kessler:
PolitiFact rated Democratic claims as "mostly true" or "entirely true" about twice as often as Republican statements -- 42% true ratings for Democrats vs. 20% for Republicans.

Conversely, claims by Republicans were rated as entirely false about twice as often as Democratic claims – 29% false ratings for GOP statements vs. 15% false ratings for Democrats. (This includes categories labeled "false" and "pants on fire.")

By contrast, on a scale of zero to four Pinocchios, the Washington Post Fact Checker rated Democrats as more likely than Republicans to make both the most truthful and the least truthful claims:

26% of Democratic claims were awarded zero or one Pinocchio (the most truthful categories), compared to 16% of Republican claims. But 61% of Democratic statements also received three or four Pinocchios (the least truthful categories), compared to 48% of Republican statements.

Overall, Democratic claims averaged 2.52. Pinocchios, almost identical to the 2.48 average for GOP claims analyzed by the Washington Post Fact Checker. At Politifact.com. On a scale from 1 (true) to 6 (pants on fire), Republicans averaged 2.56, compared to 1.77 for Democrats.
PolitiFact's bias is quite overt, and worse than that, they're uninterested in explaining why they call Republicans liars at two the rate of Democrats. (They also have a lot of explaining to do regarding their abuse of facts in specific rulings.)

By contrast, I'm not surprised to see that Washington Post fact checker Glenn Kessler appears to be more even-handed. In my experience, Kessler is generally more reasonable. For instance, when I criticized one of his rulings he linked to my critique to offer readers another perspective. He openly admits that rating statements by "pinnochios" is a gimmick, and he's also the only fact checker to acknowledge that Romney has valid reasons for saying the Obama administration undermined welfare reform's work requirements. Other fact checking organizations botched the issue in spectacular fashion.

However, I've found some of Kessler's individual rulings appalling, and he's clearing a very low bar relative to PolitiFact. Kessler deserves credit for making more of an effort, but your best option is still using your own discerning judgement to check your own facts—particularly if you're among the half of America who's right-of-center views get the short shrift by journalists.

Desperate Left tries to Akin-ize Richard Mourdock

 
 

Sent to you by Karl via Google Reader:

 
 

via Michelle Malkin by Michelle Malkin on 10/24/12

These word-warping Democrats and lying liberal War on Women manufacturers make me sick.

Especially looking at you, Debbie Wasserman Schultz.

Tea Party candidate Richard Mourdock defended life last night in his Indiana Senate debate with Democrat Joe Donnelly. Watch the whole statement:

What he said: "The only exception I have to have an abortion is in the case of the life of the mother. I struggled with it myself for a long time, but I came to realize life is that gift from God. I think that even when life begins in that horrible situation of rape, that it is something that God intended to happen."

For the comprehension-challenged, Mourdock repeated again after the debate: "God creates life, and that was my point. God does not want rape, and by no means was I suggesting that He does. Rape is a horrible thing, and for anyone to twist my words otherwise is absurd and sick."

Wasserman Schultz and her #LADYPARTS gal pals immediately tried to Akin-ize Mourdock and turn his comments into an endorsement of rape.

Never mind that pro-life Democrat Donnelly was an original co-sponsor of one of Akin's abortion funding ban bills:

Democratic Senate candidate Joe Donnelly and Republican gubernatorial candidate Mike Pence twice sponsored legislation that would separate out 'forcible rape' when it comes to federal funding of abortions." (Tom LoBianco, "No running from social issues in election battles," The Associated Press, 8/26/12)

"Donnelly, Pence And Akin Joined 224 Other House Lawmakers, Most Of Them Republicans, On A Bill Last Year That Would Have Cut Off Federal Aid For Abortion-Related Services For Statutory Rape And Incest. The bill established a separate category for 'forcible rape' and allowed the services to continue for those. Following a massive outcry, lawmakers backtracked and restored the original language that did not differentiate among the types of rape." (Tom LoBianco, "Indiana pols distance themselves from Akin comment," The Associated Press, 8/21/12)

"'Joe Is Pro-Life And Supports Legislation To Ensure That No Federal Dollars Go Toward Funding Abortion-Related Services. That Was The Original Intention Of The Bill, Not To Redefine Rape,' Said Donnelly Spokeswoman Elizabeth Shappell." (Tom LoBianco, "Indiana pols distance themselves from Akin comment," The Associated Press, 8/21/12)

"In 2011, Donnelly said he was not initially aware the measure could have limited the eligibility of some rape victims for abortion coverage – and once that issue was raised, he was glad to see it amended. 'Rape is a violent and despicable act in every circumstance. It is my firm belief that our laws should always reflect that fact,' he said then. His campaign's spokeswoman, Elizabeth Shappell, said Donnelly's position has not changed. 'Joe is pro-life and supports legislation to ensure that no federal dollars go toward funding abortion-related services,' she said. 'That was the original intention of the bill, not to redefine rape. As he said at the time, he would have voted against this bill if it had not been amended to remove the word "forcible."' (Eric Bradner, "State candidates steer clear of Akin," Evansville Courier Press, 8/22/12)

Mourdock made a statement of faith.

Akin made a Magical Uterus mess and blamed everyone but himself.

Indiana voters are smart enough to see the difference. Too bad the establishment GOP types cutting and running from Mourdock don't have the guts to stand up to the lying liars. But then, the establishment was never with Mourdock.

Good thing the election is not up to them.

Stand tall, Richard.


 
 

Things you can do from here:

 
 

Twenty Bad Things About Wind Energy, and Three Reasons Why

Twenty Bad Things About Wind Energy, and Three Reasons Why

via MasterResource by jdroz on 10/23/12

Editor note: This is an updated version of a previous post at MasterResource: "Fifteen Bad Things About Wind Energy, and Three Reasons Why," one of the two most read posts in the history of MasterResource.

Trying to pin down the arguments of wind promoters is a bit like trying to grab a greased balloon. Just when you think you've got a handle, it morphs into a different shape and escapes your grasp. Let's take a quick highlight review of how things have evolved with wind merchandising.

1 – Wind energy was abandoned well over a hundred years ago, as even in the late 1800s it was totally inconsistent with our burgeoning, more modern needs for power. When we throw the switch, we expect that the lights will go on – 100% of the time. It's not possible for wind energy, by itself, to EVER do this, which is one of the main reasons it was relegated to the dust bin of antiquated technologies (along with such other inadequate energy sources as horse and oxen power).

2 – Fast forward to several years ago. With politicians being convinced that Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) was an imminent catastrophic threat, lobbyists launched campaigns to favor anything that would purportedly reduce carbon dioxide. This was the marketing opportunity that the wind energy business needed. Wind energy was resurrected from the dust bin of power sources, as its promoters pushed the fact that wind turbines did not produce CO2 while generating electricity.

3 – Of course, just that by itself is not significant, so the original wind development lobbyists then made the case for a quantum leap: that by adding wind turbines to the grid we could significantly reduce CO2 from those "dirty" fossil fuel electrical sources (especially coal). This argument became the basis for many states implementing a Renewable Energy Standard (RES) or Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) – which mandated that the state's utilities use (or purchase) a prescribed amount of wind energy ("renewables"), by a set date.

Why was a mandate necessary? Simply because the real world reality of integrating wind energy made it a very expensive option. As such, no utility companies would likely do this on their own. They had to be forced to. For more on the cost, please keep reading.
4 – Interestingly, although the stated main goal of these RES/RPS programs was to reduce CO2, not a single state's RES/RPS requires verification of CO2 reduction from any wind project, either beforehand or after the fact. The politicians simply took the sales peoples' word that consequential CO2 savings would be realized!

5 - It wasn't too long before utility companies and independent energy experts calculated that the actual CO2 savings were miniscule (if any). This was due to the inherent nature of wind energy, and the realities of necessarily continuously balancing the grid, on a second-by-second basis, with fossil-fuel-generated electricity. The frequently cited Bentek study (How Less Became More) is a sample independent assessment of this aspect. More importantly, there has been zero scientific empirical proof provided by the wind industry to support their claims of consequential CO2 reduction.

6 – Suspecting that the CO2 deception would soon be exposed, the wind lobbyists took pre-emptive action, and added another rationale to prop up their case: energy diversity. However, since our electricity system already had considerable diversity (and many asked "more diversity at what cost?") this hype never gained much traction. Back to the drawing board….

7 - The next justification put forward by the wind marketers was energy independence. This cleverly played on the concern most people have about oil and Middle East instability. Many ads were run promoting wind energy as a good way to reduce our "dependence on Middle Eastern oil."

None of these ads mentioned that only about 1% of our electricity is generated from oil. Or that the US exports more oil than we use for electricity. Or that our main import source for oil is Canada (not the Middle East). Despite the significant omissions and misrepresentations, this claim still resonates with many people, so it continues to be pushed. Whatever works.

8 – Knowing full well that the assertions used to date were specious, wind proponents manufactured still another claim: green jobs. This was carefully selected to coincide with widespread employment concerns. Unfortunately, when independent qualified parties examined the situation more closely, they found that the claims were wildly exaggerated. Big surprise!

Further, as attorney and energy expert Chris Horner has so eloquently stated:

There is nothing – no program, no hobby, no vice, no crime – that does not 'create jobs.' Tsunamis, computer viruses and shooting convenience store clerks all 'create jobs.' So that claim misses the point. Since it applies to all, it is an argument in favor of none. Instead of making a case on the merits, it is an admission that one has no such arguments.
See a very detailed critique of the jobs situation at PTCFacts.Info. Listed there are TEN major reasons why using jobs as an argument is not appropriate or meaningful. Additionally there is a list of some 45 reports written by independent experts, and they all agree that renewable energy claims are based on numerous fallacies.
9 – Relentlessly moving forward, wind marketers then tried to change the focus from jobs to "economic development." The marketers typically utilized a computer program called JEDI to make bold economic projections. Unfortunately, JEDI is a totally inadequate model for accurately arriving at such numbers, for a variety of technical reasons. The economic development contentions have also been shown to be inaccurate, as they never take into account economic losses that result from wind energy implementation – for example agricultural losses due to bat killings, and job losses due to higher electricity costs for factories, hospitals and numerous other employers.

Additionally, as with jobs, economic development in-and-of-itself has nothing to do with the merits of wind energy as a power source. Let's say we have a transportation RES mandating that 20% of a state's vehicles be replaced by horse power by 2020. There would be a LOT of "economic development" (making horse carriages and buggy whips, building horse barns, growing and shipping hay) that would result from such an edict. But would that be any indication that it is an intelligent, beneficial policy?

10 – Along the way, yet another claim began making the rounds: that wind energy is low cost. This is surprisingly bold, considering that if that were really true, RES/RPS mandates would not be necessary. For some reason, all calculations showing wind to be "low cost" conveniently ignore exorbitant subsidies, augmentation costs, power adjusting (see next item), additional transmission costs, and so on. Independent analyses of levelized costs (e.g. from the EIA) have concluded that (when ALL applicable wind-related costs are accurately calculated) wind energy is MUCH more expensive than any conventional source we have.

11 – A subtle (but significant) difference between wind energy and other conventional sources of electricity is in power quality. This term refers to such technical performance factors as voltage transients, voltage variations, waveform distortion (e.g. harmonics), frequency variations, and so forth. The reality is that wind energy introduces many more of these issues than does a conventional power facility. Additional costs are needed to deal with these wind-caused problems. These are rarely identified in pro-wind economic analyses.

12 – When confronted with the reality that wind energy is considerably more expensive than any conventional source, a common rejoinder is to object to that by saying that once the "externalities" of conventional sources are taken into account, wind is less expensive than those conventional sources.

To gullible sheeple, this might make sense. But consider the following two points. First, externality analyses posited by wind zealots never take into account the true environmental consequences of wind energy (rare earth impacts [see below], human health effects, bird and bat deaths, the CO2 generated from a two million pound concrete base, etc.).

Second, the "externalities" for things like coal are always only the negative part. If these advocates want a true big picture calculation, then they need to also add in the benefits to us from low-cost coal-based electricity. Considering that coal played a major part in our economic success and improved health and living standards over the past century, such a plus factor would be enormous.

[BTW there is some evidence that the negative externalities (e.g. about coal related asthma claims) are exaggerated. What a surprise!]

13 – A key grid ingredient is Firm Capacity. (A layman's translation is that this is an indication of dependability.) Conventional sources (like nuclear) have a Firm Capacity of nearly 100%. Wind has a Firm Capacity of about 0%. Big difference!

14 – Since this enormous Firm Capacity discrepancy is indisputable, wind energy apologists then decided to adopt the strategy that wind energy isn't a "capacity resource" after all, but rather an "energy resource." Surprisingly, this may be the first contention that is actually true! But what does this really mean?

The reality is that saying "wind is an energy source" is a trivial statement, on a par with saying "wind turbines are white." Lightning is an energy source. So what? The fact is that your cat is an energy source too. In this Alice-in-Wonderland reality, connecting the cat to the grid (after heavily subsidizing it, of course), makes as much sense as does connecting puff power.

15 - Wind marketers then hit on a new tactic: that we should use wind as it is a plentiful resource. This is a strategy based on a part truth: that we should be utilizing energy sources that are abundant, reliable, and low-cost. There are two major deficiences in this thinking.
First, abundant sources that are not reliable and that are not low-cost (i.e. wind energy), are a net detriment to our economy. Second, if they are really saying that abundance should be our primary focus, then they should be promoting nuclear power and geothermal energy. Both of these sources have something like a million times the available energy that wind does. Both of those are orders of magnitude more reliable than wind is. Both are lower cost when comparing the actual levelized cost of wind energy (e.g. Wind+ Gas).
16 - One of the latest buzz-words is sustainability. One has to give these marketeers credit for being persistently imaginative. The truth about sustainability is:

a) It is totally hypocritical to have wind advocates attacking fossil fuels as unsustainable, when the wind business has an ENORMOUS dependency on fossil fuels for their construction, delivery, maintenance and operation. This article explains some of it.

b) Nothing is sustainable, as this piece accurately explains.

c) Wind energy is our LEAST sustainable option!
17 – A related pitch is that our adoption of wind energy will help us break "our fossil fuel dependence." Guess what? The reality is that wind actually guarantees our perpetual dependence on fossil fuels! In addition to wind turbines' dependence on fossil fuels for manufacture, delivery and maintenance, the only way wind energy can quasi-function on the grid is to have it continuously augmented by a fast responding power source – which for a variety of technical and economic reasons is usually gas.

It's rather amusing that the same environmental organizations that support wind energy are also against shale gas. That's like saying that you love Italian food but hate tomato sauce. The two are paired together like Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers.

Realizing that their best defense is a good offense, some of these hucksters are now contending the inverse: that wind actually augments gas! So wind that generates electricity 25±% of the time is "augmenting" gas, which has to supply the 75±%! This immediately brings to mind the British army band playing "The World Turned Upside Down."

18 – The claim that wind energy is "green" or "environmentally friendly" is laugh-out-loud hilarious – except for the fact that the reality is not funny at all. Consider just one part of a turbine, the generator, which uses considerable rare earth elements (2000± pounds per MW).

The mining and processing of these metals has horrific environmental consequences that are unacknowledged and ignored by the wind industry and its environmental surrogates. For instance, a typical 100 MW wind project would generate approximately:

a) 20,000 square meters of destroyed vegetation,
b) 6 million cubic meters of toxic air pollution,
c) 33 million gallons of poisoned water,
d) 600 million pounds of highly contaminated tailing sands, and
e) 100,000 pounds of radioactive waste. (See this, and this, and this.)
19 – Modern civilization is based on our ability to produce electrical POWER. Our modern sense of power is inextricably related to controlled performance expectations: when we turn the knob, we expect the stove to go on 100% of the time – not just on those wildly intermittent occasions when the wind is blowing within a certain speed range.

Underlying a lot of the wind lobbyists' claims is a carefully crafted, implied message that there is some kind of wind energy "equivalency" to conventional sources. This assumption is the basis for such assertions that XYZ wind project will power 1,000 homes. Such claims are totally false. They are dishonest from several perspectives: the most obvious error being that XYZ wind project will NEVER provide power to any 1000 homes 24/7 (or really seconds or fractions of a second within each minute of each hour). It might not provide power for even one home 86400/1440/24/7.

Yet we see this same "equivalency" message conveyed even more subtly on EIA tables for levelized costs. Wind and conventional sources should not be on the same table, but they are (defended only by a small footnote). One useful analogy is to consider the cost, speed, reliability and load capacity of a single eighteen-wheeler truck in making daily interstate deliveries of furniture, heavy equipment or other large products. This semi-truck is equivalent to a nuclear plant.

In energy generation terms, the wind turbine equivalent is to attempt to replace the single truck with golf carts. How many golf carts would it take to equal the cost, speed, reliability and load capacity of a single eighteen-wheeler in making daily interstate deliveries? This is a trick question, as the answer is that there is no number that would work: not ten, not a hundred, not ten thousand, not a million. Exactly the same situation exists in the electricity sector: no number of turbines will ever equal the cost, reliability and output of one conventional electricity plant.

20 – A close cousin of the prior illegitimate contention is that "The wind is always blowing somewhere, so spreading wind projects out will result in a combination that has a dependable output." Like essentially all the wind industry mis-infomercials do, this bald assertion has a soothing, reassuring ring. But this marketing claim is unsupported by any empirical, real world evidence. For instance, in southeastern Australia about 20 wind projects are spread out over a single 1000± mile long grid. Yet the combined result in no way even approximates the consistent dependable performance of our primary conventional sources.

Again, our modern society is based on abundant, reliable, affordable electric power. All these specious claims for wind energy are simply part of a long line of snake oil sales spiels – intended to fool the public and enable politicians to justify favoring special interests by enriching various rent-seekers (which will then return the favor via campaign contributions and other reelection support).

They get away with this primarily for three basic reasons.


1 - Wind proponents are not asked to independently PROVE the merits of their claims before (or after) their product is forced on the public.
2 - There is no penalty for making bogus assertions or dishonest claims about their product's "benefits," so each successive contention is more grandiose than the last.
3 - Promoting wind is a political agenda that is divorced from real science. A true scientific assessment is a comprehensive, objective evaluation with transparent real world data – not on carefully massaged computer models and slick advertising campaigns, which are the mainstay of anti-science evangelists promoting political agendas.
So, in effect, we have come around full circle. A hundred-plus years ago, wind energy was recognized as an antiquated, unreliable and expensive source of energy – and now, after hundreds of billions of wasted tax and consumer dollars, we find that (surprise!) it still is an antiquated, unreliable and expensive source of energy. This is what happens when science is relegated to a back-of-the-bus status.

Paraphrasing Dr. Jon Boone:

Let's see the real world evidence for the lobbyists' case. I'm weary of these relentless projections, uncontaminated as they are by reality. In a nutshell, what these profiteers are seeking to do, through methodological legerdemain, is to make wind appear to be what it is not. This is a plot lifted out of Cinderella and her step-sisters, or the Emperor's New Clothes. It's really a story of class aspirations, but one that is bizarrely twisted: giving wind a makeover to make her seem fetching and comely when in fact she's really a frog.

When you hear that wind opposition is all about NIMBYs, think about the above points, and then reflect on what NIMBY really means: The Next Idiot Might Be You.

But consider the sources. When a major turbine manufacturer calls a catastrophic failure like a blade falling off component liberation, we know we are in for an adventurous ride in a theme park divorced from reality.
See EnergyPresentation.Info for more detailed explanations, including charts, photographs, entertaining graphics, and numerous references.
———
John Droz, Jr., a physicist & environmental advocate, can e reached at aaprjohn@northnet.org.

Why Planned Parenthood Wont Provide Mammograms

Why Planned Parenthood Wont Provide Mammograms


via First Things | On the Square by ft@firsthings.com (Keith Riler ) on 10/23/12

President Barack Obama, Planned Parenthood President Cecile Richards, and countless supporters have claimed again and again that Planned Parenthood provides mammograms. President Obama did so in the second presidential debate, describing the millions of women all across the country who rely on Planned Parenthood for . . . mammograms."

The problem is the mammogram claim is untrue, as was just cleverly highlighted by Schedule Your Imaginary Mammogram Day," a phone campaign that found no Planned Parenthood clinics capable of breast cancer screening. Planned Parenthood has neither the license nor the machines. The most the abortion giant has ever done is refer women to outside mammogram providers, filling the role of the Yellow Pages or Google.

Yet the claim is persistently made, despite its falsehood, in order to rebrand Planned Parenthood not as the abortion business it is, but instead as a health care provider.

Key to that health care narrative is the claim that Planned Parenthood provides substantial cancer-screening services, such as mammograms. (Apparently the pap smears Planned Parenthood really does administer are insufficient fodder for the narrative.)

Why doesnt Planned Parenthood just offer mammograms? Doing so would do real good while saving their public defenders from credibility diminishing lies.

The answer may lie in what economists call the contribution margin." The contribution margin of each procedure is the marginal profit per unit of sale and thus the amount each procedure contributes to the coverage of fixed costs (such as executive compensation) and to profits.

The problem for Planned Parenthood-which thinks and acts much more like a business than most people realize-is that mammograms are much less profitable than the relatively lucrative procedure of abortion.

In his article Mammography: Is its success threatened by low reimbursement rates?", radiologist Dr. James Youker highlights the problem of low reimbursement rates for mammography and the high cost of complying with the increasingly complex regulations." A more recent article by Dr. Gillian Newstead documents the problems persistence:

The American College of Radiology (ACR) conducted a survey that . . . found that the actual cost to perform a screening mammogram was $93.98. With the typical reimbursement rate of approximately $80, it is clear that the hospital lost money for each screening exam performed.

In the outpatient setting, where the costs can be more controlled, the survey found the cost per mammogram to be approximately $59.00. Nonetheless, it is clear that there are no large profits to be made from screening mammography.

Another economic study . . . found that in all practices mammography had a negative profit margin. The loss for physician full-time equivalent (FTE) was variable between the practices studied but was between $50,000 and $100,000 per year.
Since Dr. Newstead penned her article, digital mammography has replaced older technology. Although digital reimbursement rates are 1.7 times greater than film rates (at $140 per screening), digital machines are three to five times more expensive. Thus, mammography economics have improved little to none.

RadNet, the countrys largest imaging and diagnostic company, comments in its most recent presentation that mammogram volumes have been adversely affected by the economy and a government taskforce changing the recommended age from 40+ to 50+." RadNet also comments that it expects continued pressure from Medicare" on reimbursement rates.

If Planned Parenthood were to perform mammograms, we could assume a contribution margin-that is, contribution to profit-of $3.51 per procedure. This is reflective of the average of Dr. Newsteads hospital and freestanding center margins of a $13.98 loss and a $21.00 profit, respectively. Even this may be generous, particularly given Dr. Newsteads comments about mammography losses and the fact that many industry experts describe the modality as unprofitable.

How profitable is abortion? Two scenarios can be used to estimate Planned Parenthoods abortion contribution margin, Scenario A and Scenario B. In both scenarios, 330,000 annual abortions were assumed.

The retail price of an abortion is $500 to $900. The $500 floor was documented some years ago, and is the price that was used in Scenario A. Planned Parenthoods Hudson-Peconic clinic quotes an online price of $900 for a sixteen- to seventeen-week in-clinic abortion. A $900 price was used in Scenario B.

Regarding costs per abortion, data is available from Planned Parenthoods most recent annual report. In that report is a line item entitled Expenses - Medical Services," which should reflect the variable costs associated with procedures like abortions.

These medical service expenses totaled $699 million in the most recently reported period. Two methods are used to allocate that expense to Planned Parenthoods abortions. In Scenario A, Planned Parenthoods own estimate of abortions as 3 percent of services is used. In Scenario B, a 5 times higher expense allocation of 15 percent is assumed.

This 15 percent expense estimate is conservative because abortion doctors use low-cost vacuums and garbage bags; forceps and scissors are reused; and (unlike a mammogram) an abortions result requires little in the way of interpretation or follow-up. Planned Parenthood makes about $400 to $600 per abortion. Scenario As $500 sale price and 3 percent cost allocation results in a contribution margin of $436 per abortion. Scenario Bs $900 sale price and 15 percent cost allocation results in a contribution margin of $582 per abortion.

Abortion is 125 to 165 times more profitable than mammography. Given a choice between 330,000 mammograms or 330,000 abortions, cancer screening will lose every time. Life, love, families, faith, concern for our most vulnerable, presidential credibility: Abortions altar demands many sacrifices. There is no reason to believe mammograms are exempt. Mammograms were invented over forty years ago and Planned Parenthood still doesnt offer them because, in comparison, abortion is a gold mine.

In 2009, a government task force recommended regular mammograms only for women fifty years and older. Planned Parenthoods target audience is young-75 percent of abortions are by teens and twenty-somethings. Planned Parenthoods demographic is unlikely to ever demand breast care.

Mammograms are an unprofitable imaging modality, requiring a cross subsidy from technologies like CT, PET, and MRI. Likewise, Planned Parenthood mammograms would require a similar cross subsidy; requiring a reduction in abortion profits, executive compensation, or both.

On that point, President Obama once argued that health insurance profits were driving up the costs of health care and suggested that eliminating those greedy companies profits and fat salaries would improve health care.

The same could apply here. Cecile Richards earns about $400,000 per year, her directors and top lieutenants are clearing $200,000 to $300,000 each, and ten clinic administrators make over $260,000 each. For forty years and counting, these executives have shown no inclination to offer mammograms. The simple reason is that economics have prevailed.

Keith Riler is a financial analyst who has written for the American Thinker, Faith magazine, Texas Right to Life, and LifeNews.

RESOURCES

Thousands call Planned Parenthood for mammograms after Obamas claim

Oops! Obama Accuses Planned Parenthood of Breaking the Law

Schedule Your Imaginary Mammogram Day

James Youker, Mammography: Is its success threatened by low reimbursement rates?"

Gillian Newstead, Digital mammography: Cost and workflow issues"

The Mammogram Hustle

2012 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule Payment Rates: Mammography

Digital Mammography Now?

RadNet Investor Presentation

New Planned Parenthood Annual Report Confirms Abortions Total 91% of Pregnancy Services

How much money does an abortion cost?

Planned Parenthood Hudson Peconic Cost Calculator

Planned Parenthood Federation of America: Annual Report 2009-2010

Planned Parenthood" on FactCheck.Org

Facts on Induced Abortion in the United States

Obamas Profit Problem

Planned Parenthood and the Demand for Abortion

Wednesday, October 17, 2012

FotoForensics

Link: http://fotoforensics.com/analysis.php?id=0d00c0af9c4ba03ca250f45477e328c04e20b947.72077 (via shareaholic.com)

Did a Romney supporter wear a "Put the white back in the White House" t-shirt?

If so, it was Photoshopped.

Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Health Reform is a Matter of Life and Death

 
 

Sent to you by Karl via Google Reader:

 
 

via John Goodman's Health Policy Blog by John Goodman on 10/15/12

The graph below shows cancer survival rates by patients, depending on their health insurance status. It was posted last Thursday by Sarah Kliff, who says she got it from Zeke Emanuel, the former White House health advisor who helped shape the Affordable Care Act (ObamaCare).

cancer survival rates by patientsI haven't seen the study and it may not withstand scrutiny. It seems to contradict the economics literature, which finds that health insurance has very little impact on mortality.  But since it comes from "the other side" so to speak, I am going to take it as valid for present purposes.

What do you conclude by looking at this chart? My answer is below the fold.

 We are about to spend $1.8 trillion over the next ten years insuring about 32 million people. About half of the newly insured will go into Medicaid and half will get private insurance. If the above chart is to be believed, which half you're in makes a real difference.

That tiny little sliver of difference between the green line and the red line is the differential survival between those who are uninsured and those who are in Medicaid. Even after five years, the differential survival is a little more than 1%.

So why are we spending all that money if the impact on health is so small? It gets worse. The actual additions to the Medicaid population will be much greater than the newly insured. Given the opportunity, many people who currently have private coverage will drop their insurance to take advantage of free insurance from Medicaid. In fact, estimates are that 50% or more of people who become newly eligible for Medicaid will drop their private insurance to take advantage of free government coverage.

That implies that for millions of people we are about to spend billions of dollars and may — after all is said and done — leave them worse off than if we had done nothing at all!

There is more bad news. Many of the people who are newly insured with private coverage will be in health plans that are highly subsidized. We don't really know what these plans will look like. However, if the Massachusetts model is followed, the subsidized private insurance plans will pay doctors and hospitals only a bit more than Medicaid pays. In other words a good part of the increase in private coverage may be nothing more than Medicaid plus.

And here again, given the opportunity to have free private coverage that pays, say, 10% over Medicaid, many people will drop their standard BlueCross coverage to take advantage of the offer. In so doing they will be giving up coverage that promises a greater chance of survival for coverage that reduces those chances.

The upshot is that the Affordable Care Act may actually lower overall health outcomes for the country as a whole!

You have to wonder why ObamaCare is so rigid. Why can't people who qualify for Medicaid have the opportunity to opt into private coverage instead. For example, the average amount that Medicaid spends on an adult is about $3,000. The average amount spent on a child is $2,000. So why can't we give the adults a $3,000 voucher and the children a $2,000 voucher and let them apply these amounts to private insurance premiums instead?


 
 

Things you can do from here:

 
 

Monday, October 15, 2012

A reminder about the last plant-infested, CNN-run town hall debate

 
 

Sent to you by Karl via Google Reader:

 
 

via Michelle Malkin by Michelle Malkin on 10/15/12

CNN's Candy Crowley will be moderating tomorrow night's second presidential debate. It will be a 90-minute town hall forum at Hofstra University on Long Island, east of New York City. Both the Obama and Romney campaigns signed a "memorandum of understanding" about how the debate will be run. But Crowley is already making noises that she plans to circumvent the agreed-upon rules and take control:

In a rare example of political unity, both the Romney and Obama campaigns have expressed concern to the Commission on Presidential Debates about how the moderator of this Tuesday's town hall has publicly described her role, TIME has learned.

While an early-October memorandum of understanding between the Obama and Romney campaigns suggests that CNN's Candy Crowley would play a limited role in the Tuesday-night session, Crowley, who is not a party to that agreement, has done a series of interviews on her network in which she has suggested that she will assume a broader set of responsibilities. As Crowley put it last week, "Once the table is kind of set by the town-hall questioner, there is then time for me to say, 'Hey, wait a second, what about X, Y, Z?'"

Do you remember what happened the last time CNN was in charge of a high-stakes "town hall" style campaign debate?

I do. Flashback: CNN/YouTube/plant debacle.

Refresher:

5plant.jpg
Concerned Young Undecided Person "Journey" = John Edwards supporter "Journey"

3cercone.jpg
Concerned Undecided Log Cabin Republican supporter David Cercone = Obama supporter David Cercone

4leeann.jpg
Concerned Undecided Mom LeeAnn Anderson = Activist for the John Edwards-endorsing United Steelworkers union LeeAnn Anderson

3lgb.jpg
Concerned Undecided Gay Military Retiree Brig. Gen. Keith H. Kerr = Hillary/Kerry supporter and anti-"Don't Ask, Don't Tell" activist Keith H. Kerr

11/30/07

CNN's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy

If any more political plants turn up at CNN's presidential debates, the cable-news network will have to merge with the Home and Garden channel.

At CNN's Democratic debate in Las Vegas two weeks back, moderator Wolf Blitzer introduced several citizen questioners as "ordinary people, undecided voters." But they later turned out to include a former Arkansas Democratic director of political affairs, the president of the Islamic Society of Nevada and a far left anti-war activist who'd been quoted in newspapers lambasting Harry Reid for his failure to pull out of Iraq.

Yet CNN failed to disclose those affiliations and activism during the broadcast.

Behold – the phony political foliage bloomed again at Wednesday night's much hyped CNN/YouTube GOP debate.

Oh, CNN did make careful note that Grover Norquist (who asked about his anti-tax pledge) is a Republican activist with Americans for Tax Reform. But somehow the network's layers and layers of fact-checkers missed several easily identified Democratic activists posing as ordinary, undecided citizens.

The tallest plant was a retired gay vet, one "Brig. Gen. Keith Kerr," who questioned – or rather, lectured – the candidates on video and in person about the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy that bans open gays from the military.

Funny. "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" was exactly the policy CNN adopted in not telling viewers that Kerr is a member of Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual- Transgender Americans for Hillary.

Sen. Clinton's campaign Web site features a press release announcing Kerr and other members of the committee in June. And a basic Web search turns up Kerr's past support as a member of a veterans' steering committee for the John Kerry for President campaign – and his prior appearance on CNN in December '03.

CNN's moderator, Anderson Cooper, singled out Kerr (who'd been flown in for the event) in the vast audience, giving him a chance for his own filibustering moment. Marvel at it: Not one CNN journalist uncovered the connection or thought it pertinent to disclose that Kerr's heart belonged to Hillary.

When righty commentator Bill Bennett pointed out the facts to Cooper after the debate, a red-faced Cooper feebly blubbered: "That was something certainly unknown to us, and had we known that, would have been disclosed by us. It turns out we have just looked at it."

Cluelessness doesn't absolve CNN of journalistic malpractice. Neither does editing out Kerr's question (as the network did on rebroadcast, to camouflage the potted plant).

The story is far from over: Cooper and CNN still owe their audience – and the GOP candidates – a bouquet of mea culpas for due diligence and disclosure lapses. Beyond Kerr, Internet sleuths have uncovered several other Democratic activists lurking in the YouTube garden:

* A young woman named "Journey" questioned the candidates on abortion. On her blog (easily accessed from her YouTube channel), she declares herself a John Edwards supporter. Post debate, she immediately posted a video wearing . . . her John Edwards '08 T-shirt.

* David Cercone of Florida asked a question seemingly on behalf of the Log Cabin Republicans. He had declared his support for Obama on an Obama '08 campaign blog back in July.

* Concerned mother LeeAnn Anderson asked about lead in toys with her two children in her lap. She is actually a staffer and prominent Pittsburgh union activist for the United Steelworkers – which has endorsed Edwards.

On other questioners, elementary Google searches show that:

* Ted Faturos, who asked about ethanol subsidies, had served as an intern for Rep. Jane Harman (D-Calif.).

* Adam Florzak, who asked about Social Security, quit his job as a welder and is working with Sen. Dick Durbin's (D-Ill.) staff on the issue.

* Mark Strauss, who urged Ron Paul to run as an independent, had publicly supported Gov. Bill Richardson in July.

Alternative media platforms – talk radio, the Internet and this op-ed page – have spread these facts like kudzu. But the persistent media double standard is obvious to everyone but the manure spreaders at CNN: Had GOP candidates somehow been able to insert their operatives and supporters into a Democratic debate, and had, say, Fox News failed to vet the questioners and presented them as average citizens, both Fox and the GOP would be treated as the century's worst media sinners.

Whether through, as one blogger put, "constructive incompetence" or "convenient ineptitude," CNN has committed journalistic malpractice under the guise of "citizen" participation.

In a now richly ironic interview with Wired.- com before the debate, David Bohrman, a CNN senior vice president, explained why videos were picked not by popular vote, but by supposedly seasoned CNN journalists: The Web is still too immature a medium to set an agenda for a national debate, he claimed. "It's really easy for the campaigns to game the system." "You've seen how effective the Ron Paul campaign [supporters] have been on the Web," he noted. "You don't know if there are 40 or 4 million of them. It would be easy for a really organized campaign to stack the deck."

What does Bohrman have to say about his crack staff now?

***

Related background:

Liveblogging the CNN/YouTube debate: "Edginess," "elbows, "eh." Update: Romney's the Energizer candidate; Update: PLANT ALERT; The biggest stumble of the night award goes to…CNN; Update: The plants keep sprouting like weeds

Digging out more CNN/YouTube plants: Abortion questioner is declared Edwards supporter (and a slobbering Anderson Cooper fan); Log Cabin Republican questioner is declared Obama supporter; lead toy questioner is a prominent union activist for the Edwards-endorsing United Steelworkers

CNN apologists accuse critics of "stalking"


 
 

Things you can do from here:

 
 

If we are to survive the looming catastrophe, we need to face the truth - Telegraph

Link: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/columnists/janetdaley/8685945/If-we-are-to-survive-the-looming-catastrophe-we-need-to-face-the-truth.html (via shareaholic.com)

The Tea Party faction within the Republican party was demanding that, before any further steps were taken, there must be a debate about where all this was going. They had seen the future toward which they were being pushed, and it didn't work. They were convinced that the entitlement culture and benefits programmes which the Democrats were determined to preserve and extend with tax rises could only lead to the diminution of that robust economic freedom that had created the American historical miracle.

And, again contrary to prevailing wisdom, their view is not naive and parochial: it is corroborated by the European experience. By rights, it should be Europe that is immersed in this debate, but its leaders are so steeped in the sacred texts of social democracy that they cannot admit the force of the contradictions which they are now hopelessly trying to evade.

No, it is not just the preposterousness of the euro project that is being exposed. (Let's merge the currencies of lots of countries with wildly differing economic conditions and lock them all into the interest rate of the most successful. What could possibly go wrong?)

Also collapsing before our eyes is the lodestone of the Christian Socialist doctrine that has underpinned the EU's political philosophy: the idea that a capitalist economy can support an ever-expanding socialist welfare state.

As the EU leadership is (almost) admitting now, the next step to ensure the survival of the world as we know it will involve moving toward a command economy, in which individual countries and their electorates will lose significant degrees of freedom and self-determination.

We have arrived at the endgame of what was an untenable doctrine: to pay for the kind of entitlements that populations have been led to expect by their politicians, the wealth-creating sector has to be taxed to a degree that makes it almost impossible for it to create the wealth that is needed to pay for the entitlements that populations have been led to expect, etc, etc.

The only way that state benefit programmes could be extended in the ways that are forecast for Europe's ageing population would be by government seizing all the levers of the economy and producing as much (externally) worthless currency as was needed – in the manner of the old Soviet Union.

That is the problem. So profound is its challenge to the received wisdom of postwar Western democratic life that it is unutterable in the EU circles in which the crucial decisions are being made – or rather, not being made.

The solution that is being offered to the political side of the dilemma is benign oligarchy. Ignoring national public opinion and turbulent political minorities has always been at least half the point of the EU bureaucratic putsch. But that does not settle the economic predicament.

What is to be done about all those assurances that governments have provided for generations about state-subsidised security in old age, universal health provision (in Britain, almost uniquely, completely free), and a guaranteed living standard for the unemployed?

We have been pretending – with ever more manic protestations – that this could go on for ever. Even when it became clear that European state pensions (and the US social security system) were gigantic Ponzi schemes in which the present beneficiaries were spending the money of the current generation of contributors, and that health provision was creating impossible demands on tax revenue, and that benefit dependency was becoming a substitute for wealth-creating employment, the lesson would not be learnt. We have been living on tick and wishful thinking.

So what are the most important truths we should be addressing if we are to avert – or survive – the looming catastrophe? Raising retirement ages across Europe (not just in Greece) is imperative, as is raising thresholds for out-of-work benefit entitlements.

Lowering the tax burden for both wealth-creators and consumers is essential. In Britain, finding private sources of revenue for health care is a matter of urgency.

A general correction of the imbalance between wealth production and wealth redistribution is now a matter of basic necessity, not ideological preference.

The hardest obstacle to overcome will be the idea that anyone who challenges the prevailing consensus of the past 50 years is irrational and irresponsible. That is what is being said about the Tea Partiers. In fact, what is irrational and irresponsible is the assumption that we can go on as we are.


Sunday, October 14, 2012

Transcript: Vice Presidential Debate – CNN Political Ticker - CNN.com Blogs

Link: http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2012/10/12/transcript-vice-presidential-debate/ (via shareaholic.com)

(CNN) - Vice President Joe Biden and Republican vice presidential nominee Paul Ryan met in Danville, Kentucky on Thursday evening for the vice presidential debate.

MARTHA RADDATZ, MODERATOR: Good evening, and welcome to the first and only vice presidential debate of 2012, sponsored by the Commission on Presidential Debates. I'm Martha Raddatz of ABC News, and I am honored to moderate this debate between two men who have dedicated much of their lives to public service.

Tonight's debate is divided between domestic and foreign policy issues. And I'm going to move back and forth between foreign and domestic, since that is what a vice president or president would have to do. We will have nine different segments. At the beginning of each segment, I will ask both candidates a question, and they will each have two minutes to answer. Then I will encourage a discussion between the candidates with follow-up questions.

By coin toss, it has been determined that Vice President Biden will be first to answer the opening question. We have a wonderful audience here at Centre College tonight. You will no doubt hear their enthusiasm at the end of the debate - and right now, as we welcome Vice President Joe Biden and Congressman Paul Ryan. OK, you got your little wave to the families in.

It's great. Good evening, gentlemen. It really is an honor to be here with both of you.

I would like to begin with Libya. On a rather somber note, one month ago tonight, on the anniversary of 9/11, Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other brave Americans were killed in a terrorist attack in Benghazi. The State Department has now made clear, there were no protesters there. It was a pre-planned assault by heavily armed men. Wasn't this a massive intelligence failure, Vice President Biden?

VICE PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN: What is was, it was a tragedy, Martha. It - Chris
Stevens was one of our best. We lost three other brave Americans.

I can make absolutely two commitments to you and all the American people tonight. One, we will find and bring to justice the men who did this. And secondly, we will get to the bottom of it, and whatever - wherever the facts lead us, wherever they lead us, we will make clear to the American public, because whatever mistakes were made will not be made again.

When you're looking at a president, Martha, it seems to me that you should take a look at his most important responsibility. That's caring for the national security of the country. And the best way to do that is take a look at how he's handled the issues of the day. On Iraq, the president said he would end the war. Governor Romney said that was a tragic mistake, we should have left 30,000 - he ended it. Governor Romney said that was a tragic mistake, we should have left 30,000 troops there.

With regard to Afghanistan, he said he will end the war in 2014. Governor Romney said we should not set a date, number one. And number two, with regard to 2014, it depends. When it came to Osama bin Laden, the president the first day in office, I was sitting with him in the Oval Office, he called in the CIA and signed an order saying, "My highest priority is to get bin Laden."

Prior to the election, prior to the - him being sworn in, said, "I wouldn't move heaven and earth to get bin Laden." He didn't understand it was more than about taking a murderer off the battlefield. It was about restoring America's heart and letting terrorists around the world know, if you do harm to America, we will track you to the gates of hell if need be. And lastly, the president of the United States has - has led with a steady hand and clear vision. Governor Romney, the opposite. The last thing we need now is another war.

RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: We mourn the loss of these four Americans who were murdered. When you take a look at what has happened just in the last few weeks, they sent the U.N. ambassador out to say that this was because of a protest and a YouTube video. It took the president two weeks to acknowledge that this was a terrorist attack.

He went to the U.N. and in his speech at the U.N. he said six times - he talked about the YouTube video.

look, if we're hit by terrorists we're going to call it for what it is, a terrorist attack. Our ambassador in Paris has a Marine detachment guarding him. Shouldn't we have a Marine detachment guarding our ambassador in Benghazi, a place where we knew that there was an Al Qaida cell with arms?

This is becoming more troubling by the day. They first blamed the YouTube video. Now they're trying to blame the Romney-Ryan ticket for making this an issue.

With respect to Iraq, we had the same position before the withdrawal, which was we agreed with the Obama administration. Let's have a status of forces agreement to make sure that we secure our gains. The vice president was put in charge of those negotiations by President Obama and they failed to get the agreement. We don't have a status of forces agreement because they failed to get one. That's what we are talking about.

Now, when it comes to our veterans, we owe them a great debt of gratitude for what they've done for us, including your son Beau. But we also want to make sure that we don't lose the things we fought so hard to get.

Now, with respect to Afghanistan, the 2014 deadline, we agree with a 2014 transition. But what we also want it do is make sure that we're not projecting weakness abroad, and that's what's happening here.

RYAN: This Benghazi issue would be a tragedy in and of itself, but unfortunately it's indicative of a broader problem. And that is what we are watching on our TV screens is the unraveling of the Obama foreign policy, which is making the (inaudible) more chaotic us less safe.

RADDATZ: I just want to you about right in the middle of the crisis. Governor Romney, and you're talking about this again tonight, talked about the weakness; talked about apologies from the Obama administration. Was that really appropriate right in the middle of the crisis?

RYAN: On that same day, the Obama administration had the exact same position. Let's recall that they disavowed their own statement that they had put out earlier in the day in Cairo. So we had the same position, but we will - it's never too early to speak out for our values.

We should have spoken out right away when the green revolution was up and starting; when the mullahs in Iran were attacking their people. We should not have called Bashar Assad a reformer when he was turning his Russian-provided guns on his own people. We should always stand up for peace, for democracy, for individual rights.

And we should not be imposing these devastating defense cuts, because what that does when we equivocate on our values, when we show that we're cutting down on defense, it makes us more weak. It projects weakness. And when we look weak, our adversaries are much more willing to test us. They're more brazen in their attacks, and are allies are less willing to...

[CROSSTALK]

BIDEN: With all due respect, that's a bunch of malarkey.

RADDATZ: And why is that so?

BIDEN: Because not a single thing he said is accurate. First of all...

RADDATZ: Be specific.

BIDEN: I will be very specific. Number one, the - this lecture on embassy security - the congressman here cut embassy security in much for the embassy security piece.

Number two, Governor Romney, before he knew the facts, before he even knew that our ambassador was killed, he was out making a political statement which was panned by the media around the world. And this talk about this - this weakness. I - I don't understand what my friend's talking about here.

We - this is a president who's gone out and done everything he has said he was going to do. This is a guy who's repaired our alliances so the rest of the world follows us again. This is the guy who brought the entire world, including Russia and China, to bring about the most devastating - most devastating - the most devastating efforts on Iran to make sure that they in fact stop (inaudible).

Look, I - I just - I mean, these guys bet against America all
the time.

RADDATZ: Can we talk - let me go back to Libya.

BIDEN: Yeah, sure.

RADDATZ: What were you first told about the attack? Why - why
were people talking about protests? When people in the consulate
first saw armed men attacking with guns, there were no protesters.
Why did that go on (inaudible)?

BIDEN: Because that was exactly what we were told by the
intelligence community. The intelligence community told us that. As
they learned more facts about exactly what happened, they changed
their assessment. That's why there's also an investigation headed by
Tom Pickering, a leading diplomat from the Reagan years, who is doing
an investigation as to whether or not there are any lapses, what the
lapses were, so that they will never happen again.

RADDATZ: And they wanted more security there.

BIDEN: Well, we weren't told they wanted more security there.
We did not know they wanted more security again. And by the way, at
the time we were told exactly - we said exactly what the intelligence
community told us that they knew. That was the assessment. And as
the intelligence community changed their view, we made it clear they
changed their view.

That's why I said we will get to the bottom of this. You know,
usually when there's a crisis, we pull together. We pull together as
a nation. But as I said, even before we knew what happened to the
ambassador, the governor was holding a press conference - was holding
a press conference. That's not presidential leadership.

RADDATZ: Mr. Ryan, I want to ask you about - the Romney
campaign talks a lot about no apologies. He has a book called called
"No Apologies." Should the U.S. have apologized for Americans burning
Korans in Afghanistan? Should the U.S. apologize for U.S. Marines
urinating on Taliban corpses?

RYAN: Oh, gosh, yes. Urinating on Taliban corpses? What we
should not apologize for...

RADDATZ: Burning Korans, immediately?

RYAN: What - what we should not be apologizing for are standing
up for our values. What we should not be doing is saying to the
Egyptian people, while Mubarak is cracking down on them, that he's a
good guy and, in the next week, say he ought to go.

What we should not be doing is rejecting claims for - for calls
for more security in our barracks, in our Marine - we need Marines in
Benghazi when the commander on the ground says we need more forces for
security. There were requests for extra security; those requests were
not honored.

Look, this was the anniversary of 9/11. It was Libya, a country
we knew we had Al Qaida cells there, as we know Al Qaida and its
affiliates are on the rise in Northern Africa. And we did not give
our ambassador in Benghazi a Marine detachment?

Of course there's an investigation, so we can make sure that this
never happens again, but when it comes to speaking up for our values,
we should not apologize for those. Here's the problem. Look at all
the various issues out there, and it's unraveling before our eyes.
The vice president talks about sanctions on Iran. They got - we've
had four...

RADDATZ: Let's move to Iran. I'd actually like to move to Iran,
because there's really no bigger national security...

RYAN: Absolutely.

RADDATZ: ... this country is facing. Both President Obama and
Governor Romney have said they will prevent Iran from getting a
nuclear weapon, even if that means military action. Last week, former
Defense Secretary Bob Gates said a strike on Iran's facilities would
not work and, quote, "could prove catastrophic, haunting us for
generations." Can the two of you be absolutely clear and specific to
the American people how effective would a military strike be?
Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: We cannot allow Iran to gain a nuclear weapons capability.
Now, let's take a look at where we've gone - come from. When Barack
Obama was elected, they had enough fissile material - nuclear
material to make one bomb. Now they have enough for five. They're
racing toward a nuclear weapon. They're four years closer toward a
nuclear weapons capability.

We've had four different sanctions, the U.N. on Iran, three from
the Bush administration, one here. And the only reason we got it is
because Russia watered it down and prevented the - the sanctions from
hitting the central bank.

Mitt Romney proposed these sanctions in 2007. In Congress, I've
been fighting for these sanctions since 2009. The administration was
blocking us every step of the way. Only because we had strong
bipartisan support for these tough sanctions were we able to overrule
their objections and put them in spite of the administration.

Imagine what would have happened if we had these sanctions in
place earlier. You think Iran's not brazen? Look at what they're
doing. They're stepping up their terrorist attacks. They tried a
terrorist attack in the United States last year when they tried to
blow up the Saudi ambassador at a restaurant in Washington, D.C.

And talk about credibility? When this administration says that
all options are on the table, they send out senior administration
officials that send all these mixed signals.

And so, in order to solve this peacefully - which is everybody's
goal - you have to have the ayatollahs change their minds. Look at
where they are. They're moving faster toward a nuclear weapon. It's
because this administration has no credibility on this issue. It's
because this administration watered down sanctions, delayed sanctions,
tried to stop us for putting the tough sanctions in place.

Now we have them in place because of Congress. They say the
military option's on the table, but it's not being viewed as credible.
And the key is to do this peacefully, is to make sure that we have
credibility. Under a Romney administration, we will have credibility
on this issue.

RADDATZ: Vice President Biden?

BIDEN: It's incredible. Look, imagine had we let the Republican
Congress work out the sanctions. You think there's any possibility
the entire world would have joined us, Russia and China, all of our
allies? These are the most crippling sanctions in the history of
sanctions, period. Period.

these sanctions." When he said, "Well, you're talking about doing
more," what are you - you're going to go to war? Is that what you
want to do?

RYAN: We want to prevent war.

BIDEN: And the interesting thing is, how are they going to
prevent war? How are they going to prevent war if they say there's
nothing more that we - that they say we should do than what we've
already done, number one.

And number two, with regard to the ability of the United States
to take action militarily, it is - it is not in my purview to talk
about classified information. But we feel quite confident we could
deal a serious blow to the Iranians.

But number two, the Iranians are - the Israelis and the United
States, our military and intelligence communities are absolutely the
same exact place in terms of how close - how close the Iranians are
to getting a nuclear weapon. They are a good way away. There is no
difference between our view and theirs.

When my friend talks about fissile material, they have to take
this highly enriched uranium, get it from 20 percent up, then they
have to be able to have something to put it in. There is no weapon
that the Iranians have at this point. Both the Israelis and we know
– we'll know if they start the process of building a weapon.

So all this bluster I keep hearing, all this loose talk, what are
they talking about? Are you talking about, to be more credible –
what more can the president do, stand before the United Nations, tell
the whole world, directly communicate to the ayatollah, we will not
let them acquire a nuclear weapon, period, unless he's talking about
going to war.

RYAN: Martha? Let's...

RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan?
RYAN: Let's look at this from the view of the ayatollahs. What
do they see? They see this administration trying to water down
sanctions in Congress for over two years. They're moving faster
toward a nuclear weapon. They're spinning the centrifuges faster.

They see us saying when we come into the administration, when
they're sworn in, we need more space with our ally, Israel. They see
President Obama in New York City the same day Bibi Netanyahu is and
he, instead of meeting with him, goes on a - on a daily talk show.

They see, when we say that these options are on the table, the
secretary of defense walked them back.

They are not changing their mind. That's what we have to do, is
change their mind so they stop pursuing nuclear weapons, and they're
going faster.

RADDATZ: How do you do it so quickly? Look, you - you both saw
Benjamin Netanyahu hold up that picture of a bomb with a red line and
talking about the red line being in spring. So can you solve this, if
the Romney-Ryan ticket is elected, can you solve this in two months
before spring and avoid nuclear - nuclear...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: We can debate a time line. We can debate the time line,
whether there's - it's that short a time or longer. I agree that
it's probably longer.

Number two, it's all about...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: You don't agree with that bomb and whether the
Israelis...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: I don't want to go into classified stuff. But we both
agree that to do this peacefully you've got to get them to change
their minds. They're not changing their minds. And look at what this
administration...

RADDATZ: But what - what do...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Let me tell you what the ayatollah sees.

RYAN: You have to have credibility.

BIDEN: The ayatollah sees his economy being crippled. The
ayatollah sees that there are 50 percent fewer exports of oil. He
sees the currency going into the tank. He sees the economy going into
freefall. And he sees the world for the first time totally united in
opposition to him getting a nuclear weapon.

Now, with regard to Bibi, who's been my friend 39 years, the
president has met with Bibi a dozen times. He's spoken to Bibi
Netanyahu as much as he's spoken to anybody. The idea that we're not
– I was in a, just before he went to the U.N., I was in a conference
call with the - with the president, with him talking to Bibi for well
over an hour, in - in - in stark relief and detail of what was going
on.

This is a bunch of stuff. Look, here's the deal.

RADDATZ: What does that mean, a bunch of stuff?

BIDEN: Well, it means it's simply inaccurate.

RYAN: It's Irish.

BIDEN: It - it is.

(LAUGHTER)

We Irish call it malarkey.

RADDATZ: Thanks for the translation. OK.

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: We Irish call it malarkey. But last thing. The
secretary of defense has made it absolutely clear, we didn't walk
anything back. We will not allow the Iranians to get a nuclear
weapon. What Bibi held up there was when they get to the point where
they can enrich uranium enough to put into a weapon. They don't have
a weapon to put it into.

Let's all calm down a little bit here. Iran is more isolated
today than when we took office. It was on the ascendancy when we took
office. It is totally isolated.

RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan?

BIDEN: I don't know what world this guy's living in.
RYAN: Thank heavens we had these sanctions in place. It's in
spite of their opposition.

BIDEN: Oh, god.

RYAN: They've given 20 waivers to this sanction. And all I have
to point to are the results. They're four years closer toward a
nuclear weapon. I think that case speaks for itself.

RADDATZ: Can you tell the American people...

BIDEN: By the way, they...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: What's worse, another war in the Middle East...

BIDEN: ... they are not four years closer to a nuclear weapon.

RYAN: Of course they are.

BIDEN: They're - they're closer to being able to get enough
fissile material to put in a weapon if they had a weapon.

RADDATZ: You are acting a little bit like they don't want one.

BIDEN: Oh, I didn't say - no, I'm not saying that. But facts
matter, Martha. You're a foreign policy expert. Facts matter. All
this loose talk about them, "All they have to do is get to enrich
uranium in a certain amount and they have a weapon," not true. Not
true.

They are more - and if we ever have to take action, unlike when
we took office, we will have the world behind us, and that matters.
That matters.

RADDATZ: What about Bob Gates' statement? Let me read that
again, "could prove catastrophic, haunting us for generations."

BIDEN: He is right. It could prove catastrophic, if we didn't
do it with precision.

RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: And what it does is it undermines our credibility by
backing up the point when we make it that all options are on the
table. That's the point. The ayatollahs see these kinds of
statements and they think, "I'm going to get a nuclear weapon."

When - when we see the kind of equivocation that took place
because this administration wanted a precondition policy, so when the
Green Revolution started up, they were silent for nine days. When
they see us putting - when they see us putting daylight between
ourselves and our allies in Israel, that gives them encouragement.
When they see Russia watering down any further sanctions, the only
reason we got a U.N. sanction is because Russia watered it down and
prevented these central bank sanctions in the first place. So when
they see this kind of activity, they are encouraged to continue, and
that's the problem.

BIDEN: Martha, let me tell you what Russia...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: Well, let me ask you what's worse, war in the Middle
East, another war in the Middle East, or a nuclear-armed Iran?

RYAN: I'll tell you what's worse. I'll tell you what's worse.

RADDATZ: Quickly.

RYAN: A nuclear-armed Iran which triggers a nuclear arms race in
the Middle East. This is the world's largest sponsor of - of
terrorism. They've dedicated themselves...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: ... to wiping an entire country off the map. They call us
the Great Satan. And if they get nuclear weapons, other people in the
neighborhood will pursue their nuclear weapons, as well.

RADDATZ: Vice President Biden?

RYAN: We can't live with that.

BIDEN: War should always be the absolute last resort. That's
why these crippling sanctions, which Bibi Netanyahu says we should
continue, which - if I'm not mistaken - Governor Romney says we –
we should continue. I may be mistaken. He changes his mind so often,
I could be wrong.

But the fact of the matter is, he says they're working. And the
fact is that they are being crippled by them. And we've made it
clear, big nations can't bluff. This president doesn't bluff.

RADDATZ: Gentlemen, I want to bring the conversation to a
different kind of national security issue, the state of our economy.
The number-one issue here at home is jobs. The percentage of
unemployed just fell below 8 percent for the first time in 43 months.
The Obama administration had projected that it would fall below 6
percent now after the addition of close to a trillion dollars in
stimulus money.

So will both of you level with the American people: Can you get
unemployment to under 6 percent and how long will it take?

BIDEN: I don't know how long it will take. We can and we will
get it under 6 percent. Let's look at - let's take a look at the
facts. Let's look at where we were when we came to office. The
economy was in free fall. We had - the great recession hit; 9
million people lost their job; $1.7 - $1.6 trillion in wealth lost in
equity in your homes, in retirement accounts for the middle class.

We knew we had to act for the middle class. We immediately went
out and rescued General Motors. We went ahead and made sure that we
cut taxes for the middle class. And in addition to that, when that –
when that occurred, what did Romney do? Romney said, "No, let Detroit
go bankrupt." We moved in and helped people refinance their homes.
Governor Romney said, "No, let foreclosures hit the bottom."

But it shouldn't be surprising for a guy who says 47 percent of
the American people are unwilling to take responsibility for their own
lives. My friend recently in a speech in Washington said "30 percent
of the American people are takers."

These people are my mom and dad - the people I grew up with, my
neighbors. They pay more effective tax than Governor Romney pays in
his federal income tax. They are elderly people who in fact are
living off of Social Security. They are veterans and people fighting
in Afghanistan right now who are, quote, "not paying any tax."

I've had it up to here with this notion that 47 percent - it's
about time they take some responsibility here. And instead of signing
pledges to Grover Norquist not to ask the wealthiest among us to
contribute to bring back the middle class, they should be signing a
pledge saying to the middle class we're going to level the playing
field; we're going to give you a fair shot again; we are going to not
repeat the mistakes we made in the past by having a different set of
rules for Wall Street and Main Street, making sure that we continue to
hemorrhage these tax cuts for the super wealthy.

BIDEN: They're pushing the continuation of a tax cut that will
give an additional $500 billion in tax cuts to 120,000 families. And
they're holding hostage the middle class tax cut because they say we
won't pass - we won't continue the middle class tax cut unless you
give the tax cut for the super wealthy.

It's about time they take some responsibility.

RADDATZ: Mr. Ryan?

RYAN: Joe and I are from similar towns. He's from Scranton,
Pennsylvania. I'm from Janesville, Wisconsin. You know what the
unemployment rate in Scranton is today?

BIDEN: I sure do.

RYAN: It's 10 percent.

BIDEN: Yeah.

RYAN: You know what it was the day you guys came in - 8.5
percent.

BIDEN: Yeah.

RYAN: That's how it's going all around America.

Look...

BIDEN: You don't read the statistics. That's not how it's
going. It's going down.

RADDATZ: (inaudible) two-minute answer (inaudible)

RYAN: Look, did they come in and inherit a tough situation?
Absolutely. But we're going in the wrong direction. Look at where we
are. The economy is barely limping along. It's growing a 1.3
percent. That's slower than it grew last year and last year was
slower than the year before.

Job growth in September was slower than it was in August, and
August was slower than it was in July. We're heading in the wrong
direction; 23 million Americans are struggling for work today; 15
percent of Americans are living in poverty today. This is not what a
real recovery looks like.
We need real reforms for real recovery and that's exactly what
Mitt Romney and I are proposing. It's a five-point plan. Get America
energy independent in North America by the end of the decade. Help
people who are hurting get the skills they need to get the jobs they
want. Get this deficit and debt under control to prevent a debt
crisis.

Make trade work for America so we can make more things in America
and sell them overseas, and champion small businesses. Don't raise
taxes on small businesses because they're our job creators.

RYAN: He talks about Detroit. Mitt Romney's a car guy. They
keep misquoting him, but let me tell you about the Mitt Romney I know.
This is a guy who I was talking to a family in Northborough,
Massachusetts the other day, Sheryl and Mark Nixon. Their kids were
hit in a car crash, four of them. Two of them, Rob and Reed, were
paralyzed. The Romneys didn't know them. They went to the same
church; they never met before.

boys, his wife, and gifts. Later on, he said, "I know you're
struggling, Mark. Don't worry about their college. I'll pay for it."

When Mark told me this story, because, you know what, Mitt Romney
doesn't tell these stories. The Nixons told this story. When he told
me this story, he said it wasn't the help, the cash help. It's that
he gave his time, and he has consistently.

This is a man who gave 30 percent of his income to charity, more
than the two of us combined. Mitt Romney's a good man. He cares
about 100 percent of Americans in this country. And with respect to
that quote, I think the vice president very well knows that sometimes
the words don't come out of your mouth the right way.

(LAUGHTER)

BIDEN: But I always say what I mean. And so does Romney.

RYAN: We want everybody to succeed. We want to get people out
of poverty, in the middle class, onto a life of self-sufficiently. We
believe in opportunity and upward mobility. That's what we're going
to push for in a Romney administration.

RADDATZ: Vice president? I have a feeling you have a few things
to say here.

BIDEN: The idea - if you heard that - that little soliloquy on
47 percent and you think he just made a mistake, then I think you're
– I - I think - I got a bridge to sell you.

Look, I don't doubt his personal generosity. And I understand
what it's like. When I was a little younger than the congressman, my
wife was in an accident, killed my daughter and my wife, and my two
sons survived. I have sat in the homes of many people who've gone
through what I get through, because the one thing you can give people
solace is to know if they know you've been through it, that they can
make it. So I don't doubt his personal commitment to individuals.
But you know what? I know he had no commitment to the automobile
industry. He just - he said, let it go bankrupt, period. Let it
drop out. All this talk - we saved a million jobs. Two hundred
thousand people are working today.

And I've never met two guys who're more down on America across
the board. We're told everything's going bad. There are 5.2 million
new jobs, private-sector jobs. We need more, but 5.2 million - if
they'd get out of the way, if they'd get out of the way and let us
pass the tax cut for the middle class, make it permanent, if they get
out of the way and pass the - pass the jobs bill, if they get out of
the way and let us allow 14 million people who are struggling to stay
in their homes because their mortgages are upside down, but they never
missed a mortgage payment, just get out of the way.

Stop talking about how you care about people. Show me something.
Show me a policy. Show me a policy where you take responsibility.

And, by the way, they talk about this Great Recession if it fell
out of the sky, like, "Oh, my goodness, where did it come from?" It
came from this man voting to put two wars on a credit card, to at the
same time put a prescription drug benefit on the credit card, a
trillion-dollar tax cut for the very wealthy. I was there. I voted
against them. I said, no, we can't afford that.

And now, all of a sudden, these guys are so seized with the
concern about the debt that they created.

RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: Let's not forget that they came in with one-party control.
When Barack Obama was elected, his party controlled everything. They
had the ability to do everything of their choosing. And look at where
we are right now.

They passed the stimulus. The idea that we could borrow $831
billion, spend it on all of these special interest groups, and that it
would work out just fine, that unemployment would never get to 8
percent - it went up above 8 percent for 43 months. They said that,
right now, if we just passed this stimulus, the economy would grow at
4 percent. It's growing at 1.3.

RADDATZ: When could you get it below 6 percent?

RYAN: That's what our entire premise of our pro-growth plan for
a stronger middle class is all about: getting the economy growing at
4 percent, creating 12 million jobs over the next four years.

Look at just the $90 billion in stimulus. The vice president was
in charge of overseeing this. $90 billion in green pork to campaign
contributors and special interest groups. There are just at the
Department of Energy over 100 criminal investigations that have been
launched into just how stimulus...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Martha...

RADDATZ: Go ahead. Go ahead.

BIDEN: Martha, look. His colleague...

RYAN: Crony capitalism and corporate welfare.

BIDEN: ... runs an investigative committee, spent months and
months and months going into this.

RYAN: This is the - this is the inspector general.

BIDEN: Months and months. They found no evidence of cronyism.

And I love my friend here. I - I'm not allowed to show letters
but go on our website, he sent me two letters saying, "By the way, can
you send me some stimulus money for companies here in the state of
Wisconsin?" We sent millions of dollars. You know...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: You did ask for stimulus money, correct?

BIDEN: Sure he did. By the way...

RYAN: On two occasions we - we - we advocated for constituents
who were applying for grants. That's what we do. We do that for all
constituents who are...

(CROSSTALK)
BIDEN: I love that. I love that. This was such a bad program
and he writes me a letter saying - writes the Department of Energy a
letter saying, "The reason we need this stimulus, it will create
growth and jobs." His words. And now he's sitting here looking at
me.

And by the way, that program, again, investigated. What the
Congress said was it was a model. Less than four-tenths of 1 percent
waste or fraud in the program.

And all this talk about cronyism. They investigated and
investigated, did not find one single piece of evidence. I wish he
would just tell - be a little more candid.

RYAN: Was it a good idea to spend taxpayer dollars on electric
cars in Finland, or on windmills in China?

BIDEN: Look...

RYAN: Was it a good idea to borrow all this money from countries
like China and spend it on all these various different interest
groups?

BIDEN: Let me tell you what was a good idea. It was a good
idea, Moody's and others said that this was exactly what we needed to
stop this from going off the cliff. It set the conditions to be able
to grow again. We have, in fact, 4 percent of those green jobs didn't
go under - went under, didn't work. It's a better batting average
than investment bankers have. They have about a 40 percent...

RYAN: Where are the 5 million green jobs that were being...

RADDATZ: I want to move on here to Medicare and entitlements. I
think we've gone over this quite enough.

BIDEN: By the way, any letter you send me, I'll entertain.

RYAN: I appreciate that, Joe.

(LAUGHTER)

RADDATZ: Let's talk about Medicare and entitlements. Both
Medicare and Social Security are going broke and taking a larger share
of the budget in the process.

Will benefits for Americans under these programs have to change
for the programs to survive?

Mr. Ryan?

RYAN: Absolutely. Medicare and Social Security are going
bankrupt. These are indisputable facts.

Look, when I look at these programs, we've all had tragedies in
our lives. I think about what they've done for my own family. My mom
and I had my grandmother move in with us who was facing Alzheimer's.
Medicare was there for here, just like it's there for my mom right now
who is a Florida senior.

After my dad died, my mom and I got Social Security survivors
benefits, helped me pay for college, it helped her go back to college
in her 50s where she started a small business because of the new
skills she got. She paid all of her taxes on the promise that these
programs would be there for her.

We will honor this promise. And the best way to do it is reform
it for my generation.

You see, if you reform these programs for my generation, people
54 and below, you can guarantee they don't change for people in or
near retirement, which is precisely what Mitt Romney and I are
proposing.

Look what - look what Obamacare does. Obamacare takes $716
billion from Medicare to spend on Obamacare. Even their own chief
actuary at Medicare backs this up. He says you can't spend the same
dollar twice. You can't claim that this money goes to Medicare and
Obamacare.

RYAN: And then they put this new Obamacare board in charge of
cutting Medicare each and every year in ways that will lead to denied
care for current seniors.

This board, by the way, it's 15 people, the president's supposed
to appoint them next year. And not one of them even has to have
medical training.

And Social Security? If we don't shore up Social Security, when
we run out of the IOUs, when the program goes bankrupt, a 25 percent
across-the-board benefit cut kicks in on current seniors in the middle
of their retirement. We're going to stop that from happening.

They haven't put a credible solution on the table. He'll tell
you about vouchers. He'll say all these things to try and scare
people. Here's what we're saying: give younger people, when they
become Medicare eligible, guaranteed coverage options that you can't
be denied, including traditional Medicare. Choose your plan, and then
Medicare subsidizes your premiums, not as much for the wealthy people,
more coverage for middle-income people, and total out-of-pocket
coverage for the poor and the sick.

Choice and competition. We would rather have 50 million future
seniors determine how their Medicare is delivered to them instead of
15 bureaucrats deciding what, if, when, where they get it.

RADDATZ: Vice President Biden, two minutes.

BIDEN: You know, I heard that death panel argument from Sarah
Palin. It seems every vice presidential debate I hear this kind of
stuff about panels.

But let's talk about Medicare. What we did is, we saved $716
billion and put it back, applied it to Medicare. We cut the cost of
Medicare. We stopped overpaying insurance companies, doctors and
hospitals. The AMA supported what we did. AARP endorsed what we did.
And it extends the life of Medicare to 2024. They want to wipe this
all out.

It also gave more benefits. Any senior out there, ask yourself:
Do you have more benefits today? You do. If you're near the donut
hole, you have $800 - $600 more to help your prescription drug costs.
You get wellness visits without co-pays. They wipe all of this out,
and Medicare goes - becomes insolvent in 2016, number one.

Number two, "guaranteed benefit"? It's a voucher. When they
first proposed - when the congressman had his first voucher program,
the CBO said it would cost $6,400 a year, Martha, more for every
senior, 55 and below, when they got there. He knew that, yet he got
all the guys in Congress and women in the Republican Party to vote for
it. Governor Romney, knowing that, said, I would sign it, were I
there.

Who you believe, the AMA, me, a guy who's fought his whole life
for this, or somebody who would actually put in motion a plan that
knowingly cut - added $6,400 a year more to the cost of Medicare?

Now they got a new plan: "Trust me, it's not going to cost you
any more." Folks, follow your instincts on this one.

And with regard to Social Security, we will not - we will not
privatize it. If we had listened to Romney, Governor Romney, and the
congressman during the Bush years, imagine where all those seniors
would be now if their money had been in the market.

Their ideas are old and their ideas are bad, and they eliminate
the guarantee of Medicare.

RYAN: Here's the problem. They got caught with their hands in
the cookie jar, turning Medicare into a piggybank for Obamacare.
Their own actuary from the administration came to Congress and said
one out of six hospitals and nursing homes are going to go out of
business as a result of this.

BIDEN: That's not what they said.

RYAN: 7.4 million seniors are projected to lose their current
Medicare Advantage coverage they have. That's a $3,200 benefit cut.

BIDEN: That didn't happen.

RYAN: What we're saying...

BIDEN: More people signed up.

RYAN: These are from your own actuaries.

BIDEN: More - more - more people signed up for Medicare
Advantage after the change.

RYAN: What - there's...

BIDEN: Nobody is...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: Mr. Vice President, I know...

BIDEN: No, this is...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: Mr. Vice President, I know you're under a lot of duress to
make up for lost ground, but I think people would be better served if
we don't keep interrupting each other.

BIDEN: Well, don't take all the four minutes then.

RYAN: Let me just - let me just say this. We are not - we're
saying don't change benefits for people 55 and above. They already
organized their retirement around these promises.

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: ... programs for those of us.

RADDATZ: But let - let me ask you this. What - what is your
specific plan for seniors who really can't afford to make up the
difference in the value of what you call a premium support plan and
others call a voucher?

RYAN: Hundred percent coverage...

RADDATZ: And what...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: That's what we're saying. So we're saying...

RADDATZ: How do you make that up?

RYAN: ... income adjusts (inaudible) these premium support
payments by taking down the subsidies for wealthy people.

Look, this is a plan - by the way, that $6,400 number, it was
misleading then, it's totally inaccurate now. This is a plan that's
bipartisan. It's a plan I put together with a prominent Democrat
senator from Oregon.

BIDEN: There's not one Democrat who endorses it.

RYAN: It's a plan...

BIDEN: Not one Democrat who (inaudible).

RYAN: Our partner is a Democrat from Oregon.

BIDEN: And he said he does no longer support (inaudible).

RYAN: We - we - we put it - we put it together with the
former Clinton budget director.

BIDEN: Who disavows it.

RYAN: This idea - this idea came from the Clinton commission to
save Medicare chaired by Senator John Breaux.

Here's the point, Martha.

BIDEN: Which was rejected.

RYAN: If we don't - if we don't fix this problem pretty soon
then current seniors get cut. Here's the problem: 10,000 people are
retiring every single day in America today and they will for 20 years.
That's not a political thing, that's a math thing.

BIDEN: Martha, if we just did one thing, if we just - if they
just allowed Medicare to bargain for the cost of drugs like Medicaid
can, that would save $156 billion right off the bat.

RYAN: And it would deny seniors choices.

BIDEN: All - all - all...

RYAN: It has a restricted...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Seniors are not denied.

RYAN: Absolutely.

BIDEN: They are not denied.

Look, folks, all you seniors out there, have you been denied
choices? Have you lost Medicare Advantage.

RYAN: Because it's working well right now.

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Because we've changed the law.

RADDATZ: Vice President Biden, let me ask you, if it could help
solve the problem, why not very slowly raise the Medicare eligibility
age by two years, as Congressman Ryan suggests?

BIDEN: Look, I was there when we did that with Social Security
in 1983. I was one of eight people sitting in the room that included
Tip O'Neill negotiating with President Reagan. We all got together
and everybody said, as long as everybody's in the deal, everybody's in
the deal, and everybody is making some sacrifice, we can find a way.

We made the system solvent to 2033. We will not, though, be part
of any voucher plan eliminating - the voucher says, "Mom, when you're
– when you're 65, go out there, shop for the best insurance you can
get. You're out of Medicare."
You can buy back in if you want with this voucher, which will not
keep pace - will not keep pace with health care costs. Because if it
did keep pace with health care costs, there would be no savings.
That's why they go the voucher. They - we will be no part of a
voucher program or the privatization of Social Security.

RYAN: A voucher is you go to your mailbox, get a check, and buy
something. Nobody's proposing that. Barack Obama four years ago
running for president said if you don't have any fresh ideas, use
stale tactics to scare voters. If you don't have a good record to run
on, paint your opponent as someone people should run from.

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: Make a big election about small ideas.

RADDATZ: You were one of the few lawmakers to stand with
President Bush when he was seeking to partially privatize Social
Security.

RYAN: For younger people. What we said then, and what I've
always agreed is let younger Americans have a voluntary choice of
making their money work faster for them within the Social Security
system.

BIDEN: You saw how well that worked.

RYAN: That's not what Mitt Romney's proposing. What we're
saying is no changes for anybody 55 and above.

BIDEN: What Mitt Romney is proposing...

RYAN: And then the kinds of changes we're talking about for
younger people like myself is don't increase the benefits for wealthy
people as fast as everybody else. Slowly raise the retirement age
over time.

BIDEN: Martha...

RYAN: It wouldn't get to the age of 70 until the year 2103
according to the actuaries.

Now, here's...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: Quickly, Vice President?

BIDEN: Quickly. The bottom line here is that all the studies
show that if we went with Social Security proposal made by Mitt
Romney, if you're 40 - in your 40s now you will pay $2,600 a year –
you get $2,600 a year less in Social Security. If you're in your 20s
now, you get $4,700 (inaudible) less.

The idea of changing, and change being in this case to cut the
benefits for people without taking other action you could do to make
it work is absolutely the wrong way.

These - look, these guys haven't been big on Medicare from the
beginning. Their party's not been big on Medicare from the beginning.
And they've always been about Social Security as little as you can do.

Look, folks, use your common sense. Who do you trust on this –
a man who introduced a bill that would raise it 40 - $6,400 a year;
knowing it and passing it, and Romney saying he'd sign it, or me and
the president?

RYAN: That statistic was completely misleading. But more
importantly...

BIDEN: That's - there are the facts right...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: This is what politicians do when they don't have a record
to run on: try to scare people from voting for you. If you don't get
ahead of this problem, it's going to...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Medicare beneficiaries - there are more beneficiaries...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: We're going to - we're going to move...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: ... very simple question...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: We're not going to run away. Medicare and Social Security
did so much for my own family. We are not going to jeopardize this
program, but we have to save it...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: You are jeopardizing this program. You're changing the
program from a guaranteed benefit to premium support. Whatever you
call it, the bottom line is people are going to have to pay more money
out of their pocket and the families I know and the families I come
from, they don't have the money to pay more out...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: That's why we're saying more for lower income people and
less for higher income people.

RADDATZ: Gentlemen, I would like to move on to a very simple
question for both of you, and something tells me I won't get a very
simple answer, but let me ask you this.

BIDEN: I gave you a simple answer. He's raising the cost of
Medicare.

RADDATZ: OK, on to taxes. If your ticket is elected, who will
pay more in taxes? Who will pay less? And we're starting with Vice
President Biden for two minutes.

BIDEN: The middle class will pay less and people making $1
million or more will begin to contribute slightly more. Let me give
you one concrete example. The continuation of the Bush tax cuts - we
are arguing that the Bush tax cuts for the wealthy should be allowed
to expire. Of the Bush tax cuts for the wealthy, $800 million –
billion of that goes to people making a minimum of $1 million.

We see no justification in these economic times for those, and
they're patriotic Americans. They're not asking for this continued
tax cut. They're not suggesting it, but my friends are insisting on
it; 120,000 families by continuing that tax cut will get an additional
$500 billion in tax relief in the next 10 years and their income is an
average of $8 million.

We want to extend permanently the middle-class tax cut for –
permanently, from the Bush middle-class tax cut. These guys won't
allow us to. You know what they're saying? We say "let's have a vote
– let's have a vote on the middle-class tax cut and let's have a vote
on the upper (ph) tax cut; let's go ahead and vote on it."

They're saying no. They're holding hostage the middle class tax
cut to the super wealthy. And on top of that, they've got another tax
cut coming that's $5 trillion that all of the studies point out will
in fact give another $250 million - yeah, $250,000 a year to those
120,000 families and raise taxes for people who are middle income with
a child by $2,000 a year.

This is unconscionable. There is no need for this. The middle
class got knocked on their heels. The great recession crushed them.
They need some help now. The last people who need help are 120,000
families for another - another $500 billion tax cut over the next 10
years.

RADDATZ: Congressman?

RYAN: Our entire premise of these tax reform plans is to grow
the economy and create jobs. It's a plan that's estimated to create 7
million jobs. Now, we think that government taking 28 percent of a
family and business's income is enough. President Obama thinks that
the government ought to be able to take as much as 44.8 percent of a
small business's income.

RYAN: Look, if you taxed every person and successful business
making over $250,000 at 100 percent, it would only run the government
for 98 days. If everybody who paid income taxes last year, including
successful small businesses, doubled their income taxes this year,
we'd still have a $300 billion deficit. You see? There aren't enough
rich people and small businesses to tax to pay for all their spending.

And so the next time you hear them say, "Don't worry about it,
we'll get a few wealthy people to pay their fair share," watch out,
middle class, the tax bill's coming to you.

That's why we're saying we need fundamental tax reform. Let's
take a look at it this way. Eight out of 10 businesses, they file
their taxes as individuals, not as corporations. And where I come
from, overseas, which is Lake Superior, the Canadians, they dropped
their tax rates to 15 percent. The average tax rate on businesses in
the industrialized world is 25 percent, and the president wants the
top effective tax rate on successful small businesses to go above 40
percent.

Two-thirds of our jobs come from small businesses. This one tax
would actually tax about 53 percent of small-business income. It's
expected to cost us 710,000 jobs. And you know what? It doesn't even
pay for 10 percent of their proposed deficit spending increases.

What we are saying is, lower tax rates across the board and close
loopholes, primarily to the higher-income people. We have three
bottom lines: Don't raise the deficit, don't raise taxes on the
middle class, and don't lower the share of income that is borne by the
high-income earners.

He'll keep saying this $5 trillion plan, I suppose. It's been
discredited by six other studies. And even their own deputy campaign
manager acknowledged that it wasn't correct.

RADDATZ: Well, let's talk about this 20 percent. You have
refused - and, again - to offer specifics on how you pay for that 20
percent across-the-board tax cut. Do you actually have the specifics?
Or are you still working on it, and that's why you won't tell voters?

RYAN: Different than this administration, we actually want to
have big bipartisan agreements. You see, I understand the...

RADDATZ: Do you have the specifics? Do you have the...

(CROSSTALK)
BIDEN: That would - that would be a first for the Republican
Congress.

RADDATZ: Do you know exactly what you're doing?

RYAN: Look - look at what Mitt Romney - look at what Ronald
Reagan and Tip O'Neill did. They worked together out of a framework
to lower tax rates and broaden the base, and they worked together to
fix that.

What we're saying is, here's our framework. Lower tax rates 20
percent. We raised about $1.2 trillion through income taxes. We
forego about $1.1 trillion in loopholes and deductions. And so what
we're saying is, deny those loopholes and deductions to higher-income
taxpayers so that more of their income is taxed, which has a broader
base of taxation...

BIDEN: Can I translate?

RYAN: ... so we can lower tax rates across the board. Now,
here's why I'm saying this. What we're saying is, here's the
framework...

BIDEN: I hope I'm going to get time to respond to this.

RADDATZ: You'll get time.

RYAN: We want to work with Congress - we want to work with the
Congress on how best to achieve this. That means successful. Look...

RADDATZ: No specifics, again.

RYAN: Mitt - what we're saying is, lower tax rates 20 percent,
start with the wealthy, work with Congress to do it...

RADDATZ: And you guarantee this math will add up?

RYAN: Absolutely. Six studies have guaranteed - six studies
have verified that this math adds up. But here's...

RADDATZ: Vice President Biden...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Look...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: .. let me translate. Let me have a chance to translate.

RYAN: I'll come back in a second, then, right?

BIDEN: First of all, I was there when Ronald Reagan tax breaks
– he gave specifics of what he was going to cut, number one, in terms
of tax expenditures. Number two, 97 percent of the small businesses
in America pay less - make less than $250,000.
Let me tell you who some of those other small businesses are:
hedge funds that make $600 million, $800 million a year. That's –
that's what they count as small businesses, because they're pass-
through.

Let's look at how sincere they are. Ronald - I mean, excuse me,
Governor Romney on "60 Minutes" - I guess it was about 10 days ago –
making $50,000 pays more than that. Do you think that's fair?" He
said, "Oh, yes, that's fair. That's fair."

This is - and they're going to talk - you think these guys are
going to go out there and cut those loopholes? The loophole - the
biggest loophole they take advantage of is the carried interest
loophole and - and capital gains loophole. They exempt that.

BIDEN: Now, there's not enough - the reason why the AEI study,
the American Enterprise Institute study, the Tax Policy Center study,
the reason they all say it's going - taxes go up on the middle class,
the only way you can find $5 trillion in loopholes is cut the mortgage
deduction for middle-class people, cut the health care deduction,
middle-class people, take away their ability to get a tax break to
send their kids to college. That's why they arrive at it.

RADDATZ: Is he wrong about that?

RYAN: He is wrong about that. They're...

BIDEN: How's that?

RYAN: You can - you can cut tax rates by 20 percent and still
preserve these important preferences for middle-class taxpayers...

BIDEN: Not mathematically possible.

RYAN: It is mathematically possible. It's been done before.
It's precisely what we're proposing.

BIDEN: It has never been done before.

RYAN: It's been done a couple of times, actually.

BIDEN: It has never been done before.

RYAN: Jack Kennedy lowered tax rates, increased growth. Ronald
Reagan...

BIDEN: Oh, now you're Jack Kennedy?

(LAUGHTER)

RYAN: Ronald Reagan - Republicans and Democrats...

BIDEN: This is amazing.

RYAN: Republican and Democrats have worked together on this.

BIDEN: That's right.

RYAN: You know, I understand you guys aren't used to doing
bipartisan deals...

BIDEN: But we told each other what we're going to do.

RYAN: Republicans and Democrats...

BIDEN: When we did it Reagan, we said, here - here are the
things we're going to cut.

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: That's what we said.

RYAN: We said here's the framework, let's work together to fill
in the details. That's exactly...

BIDEN: Fill in the detail.

RYAN: That's how you get things done. You work with Congress –
look, let me say it this way.

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: That's coming from a Republican Congress working
bipartisanly, 7 percent rating? Come on.

RYAN: Mitt Romney was governor of Massachusetts, where 87
percent of the legislators he served, which were Democrats. He didn't
demonize them. He didn't demagogue them. He met with those party
leaders every week. He reached across the aisle. He didn't
compromise principles.

BIDEN: And you saw what happened.

RYAN: He found common ground - and he balanced the budget...

BIDEN: You saw - if he did such a great job...

RADDATZ: Mr. Vice President...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: ... four times without raising taxes...

BIDEN: Why isn't he even contesting Massachusetts?

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: Mr. Vice President, what would you suggest - what
would you suggest beyond raising taxes on the wealthy, that would
substantially reduce the long-term deficit?

BIDEN: Just let the taxes expire like they're supposed to on
those millionaires. We don't - we can't afford $800 billion going to
people making a minimum of $1 million. They do not need it, Martha.
Those 120,000 families make $8 million a year. Middle-class people
need the help. Why does my friend cut out the tuition tax credit for
them? Why does he go after the childcare...

RADDATZ: Can you declare anything off-limits?

BIDEN: Why do they do that?

RADDATZ: Can you declare anything off-limits?

RYAN: Yeah, we're saying close loopholes...

RADDATZ: Home mortgage deduction?

RYAN: ... on high-interest people.

RADDATZ: Home mortgage deduction?

RYAN: For higher-income people. Here...

BIDEN: Can you guarantee that no one making less than $100,000
will have a mortgage - their mortgage deduction impacted? Guarantee?

RYAN: This taxes a million small businesses. He keeps trying to
make you think that it's just some movie star or hedge fund guy or an
actor...

BIDEN: Ninety-seven percent of the small businesses make less
than $250,000 a year, would not be affected.

RYAN: Joe, you know it hits a million - this taxes a million
people, a million small businesses.

BIDEN: Does it tax 97 percent of the American businesses?

RYAN: It taxes a million small businesses...

BIDEN: Small businesses?

RYAN: ... who are our greatest job creators.

BIDEN: I wish I'd get - the "greatest job creators" are the
hedge fund guys.

RADDATZ: And you're - and you're going to increase the defense
budget.

RYAN: Think about it this way.

RADDATZ: And you're going to increase the defense budget.

RYAN: No, we're not just going to cut the defense budget like
they're - they're proposing...

BIDEN: They're going to increase it $2 billion.

RYAN: That's not...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: We're talking about...
RADDATZ: So no massive defense increases?

RYAN: No, we're saying don't - OK, you want to get into defense
now?

RADDATZ: Yes, I do. I do, because that's another math question.

RYAN: So - right, OK.

RADDATZ: How do you do that?

RYAN: So they proposed a $478 billion cut to defense to begin
with. Now we have another $500 billion cut to defense that's lurking
on the horizon. They insisted upon that cut being involved in the
debt negotiations, and so we have a $1 trillion cut...

RADDATZ: Let's put the automatic defense cuts aside, OK?

RYAN: Right, OK.

RADDATZ: Let's put those aside. No one wants that.

BIDEN: I'd like to go back to that.

RADDATZ: But I want to know how you do the math and have this
increase in defense spending?

BIDEN: Two trillion dollars.

RYAN: You don't cut defense by a trillion dollars. That's what
we're talking about.

RADDATZ: And what - what national security issues justify an
increase?

BIDEN: Who's cutting it by $1 trillion?

RYAN: We're going to cut 80,000 soldiers, 20,000 Marines, 120
cargo planes. We're going to push the Joint Strike Fighter out...

RADDATZ: Drawing down in one war and one war...

RYAN: If these cuts go through, our Navy will be the smallest –
the smallest it has been since before World War I.

This invites weakness. Look, do we believe in peace through
strength? You bet we do. And that means you don't impose these
devastating cuts on our military.

So we're saying don't cut the military by a trillion dollars.
Not increase it by a trillion, don't cut it by a trillion dollars.

RADDATZ: Quickly, Vice President Biden on this. I want to move
on.

BIDEN: Look, we don't cut it. And I might add, this so-called
– I know we don't want to use the fancy word "sequester," this

And let me tell you what my friend said at a press conference
announcing his support of the deal. He said, and I'm paraphrase,
We've been looking for this moment for a long time.

RYAN: Can I tell you what that meant?

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: We've been looking for bipartisanship for a long time.

BIDEN: And so the bipartisanship is what he voted for, the
automatic cuts in defense if they didn't act.

says we need a smaller, leaner Army, we need more special forces, we
need - we don't need more M1 tanks, what we need is more UAVs.

RADDATZ: Some of the military.

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Not some of the military. That was the decision of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, recommended to us and agreed to by the
president. That is a fact.

RADDATZ: Who answers to a civilian leader.

BIDEN: They made the recommendation first.

RADDATZ: OK. Let's move on to Afghanistan.

RYAN: Can I get into that for a second?

RADDATZ: I'd like to move on to Afghanistan please. And that's
one of the biggest expenditures this country has made, in dollars, and
more importantly in lives.

We just passed the sad milestone of losing 2,000 U.S. troops
there in this war. More than 50 of them were killed this year by the
very Afghan forces we are trying to help.

Now, we've reached the recruiting goal for Afghan forces, we've
degraded Al Qaida. So tell me, why not leave now? What more can we
really accomplish? Is it worth more American lives?

RYAN: We don't want to lose the gains we've gotten. We want to
make sure that the Taliban does not come back in and give Al Qaida a
safe haven.

We agree with the administration on their 2014 transition.

Look, when I think about Afghanistan, I think about the
incredible job that our troops have done. You've been there more than
the two of us combined. First time I was there in 2002, it was
amazing to me what they were facing. When I went to the Ahgandah (ph)
Valley in Kandahar before the surge, I sat down with a young private
in the 82nd from the Monamanee (ph) Indian reservation who would tell
me what he did every day, and I was in awe. And to see what they had
in front of them.

And then to go back there in December, to go throughout Helmand
with the Marines, to see what they had accomplished, it's nothing
short of amazing.

What we don't want to do is lose the gains we've gotten. Now,
we've disagreed from time to time on a few issues. We would have
more likely taken into accounts the recommendations from our
commanders, General Petraeus, Admiral Mullen, on troop levels
throughout this year's fighting season. We've been skeptical about
negotiations with the Taliban, especially while they're shooting at
us.

But we want to see the 2014 transition be successful, and that
means we want to make sure our commanders have what they need to make
sure that it is successful so that this does not once again become a
launching pad for terrorists.

RADDATZ: Vice President Biden?

BIDEN: Martha, let's keep our eye on the ball. The reason –
I've been in and out of Afghanistan and Iraq 20 times. I've been up
in the Konar (ph) Valley. I've been throughout that whole country,
mostly in a helicopter, and sometimes in a vehicle.

The fact is, we went there for one reason: to get those people
who killed Americans, Al Qaida. We've decimated Al Qaida central. We
have eliminated Osama bin Laden. That was our purpose.

And, in fact, in the meantime, what we said we would do, we would
help train the Afghan military. It's their responsibility to take
over their own security. That's why with 49 of our allies in
Afghanistan, we've agreed on a gradual drawdown so we're out of there
by the year 20 - in the year 2014.

My friend and the governor say it's based on conditions, which
means it depends. It does not depend for us. It is the
responsibility of the Afghans to take care of their own security. We
have trained over 315,000, mostly without incident. There have been
more than two dozen cases of green-on-blue where Americans have been
killed. If we do not - if the measures the military has taken do not
take hold, we will not go on joint patrols. We will not train in the
field. We'll only train in the - in the Army bases that exist there.

But we are leaving. We are leaving in 2014. Period. And in the
process, we're going to be saving over the next 10 years another $800
billion. We've been in this war for over a decade. The primary
objective is almost completed. Now, all we're doing is putting the
Kabul government in a position to be able to maintain their own
security.

It's their responsibility, not America's.

RADDATZ: What - what conditions could justify staying,
Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: We don't want to stay. We want - look, one of my best
friends in Janesville, a reservist, is at a forward-operating base in
eastern Afghanistan right now. Our wives are best friends. Our
daughters are best friends. I want - I want him and all of our
troops to come home as soon and safely as possible.

We want to make sure that 2014 is successful. That's why we want
to make sure that we give our commanders what they say they need to
make it successful. We don't want to extend beyond 2014. That's the
point we're making.
You know, if it was just this, I'd feel like we would - we would
be able to call this a success, but it's not. What we are witnessing
as we turn on our television screens these days is the absolute
unraveling of the Obama foreign policy. Problems are growing at home,
but - problems are growing abroad, but jobs aren't growing here at
home.

RADDATZ: Let me go back to this. He says we're absolutely
leaving in 2014. You're saying that's not an absolute, but you won't
talk about what conditions would justify...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: Do you know why we say that?

BIDEN: I'd like to know...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: Because we don't want to broadcast to our enemies "put a
date on your calendar, wait us out, and then come back." We want to
make sure...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: But you agree with the timeline.

RYAN: We do agree - we do agree with the timeline and the
transition, but what we - what any administration will do in 2013 is
assess the situation to see how best to complete this timeline. What
we do not want to do...

BIDEN: We will leave in 2014.

RYAN: ... what we don't want to do is give our allies reason to
trust us less and our enemies more - we don't want to embolden our
enemies to hold and wait out for us and then take over...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Martha, that's a bizarre statement.

RYAN: That's why we want to make sure - no, that's why we want
to make sure that...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Forty-nine of our allies - hear me - 49 of our allies
signed on to this position.

RYAN: And we're reading that they want to...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: Forty-nine - 49 of our allies said "out in 2014." It's
the responsibility of the Afghans. We have other responsibilities...
(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: Do you really think that this timeline...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: Which is - which is...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: We have - we have soldiers and Marines. We have
Afghan forces murdering our forces over there. The Taliban is, do you
think, taking advantage of this timeline?

BIDEN: Look, the Taliban - what we've found out, and we - you
saw it in Iraq, Martha, unless you set a timeline, Baghdad, in the
case of Iraq, and - and Kabul, in the case of Afghanistan will not
step up. They're happy to let us continue to do the job;
international security forces to do the job.

The only way they step up is to say, "Fellas, we're leaving;
we've trained you; step up, step up."

RADDATZ: Let me go back.

BIDEN: That's the only way it works.

RADDATZ: Let me go back to the - the surge troops that we put
in there. And - and you brought this up, Congressman Ryan. I have
talked to a lot of troops. I've talked to senior offices who were
concerned that the surge troops were pulled out during the fighting
season, and some of them saw that as a political - as a political
move. So can you tell me, Vice President Biden, what was the military
reason for bringing those surge troops home...

BIDEN: The military reason...

RADDATZ: ... before the fighting had ended?

BIDEN: ... was bringing - by the way, when the president
announced the surge, you'll remember, Martha, he said the surge will
be out by the end of the summer. The military said the surge will be
out. Nothing political about this.

Before the surge occurred - so you be a little straight with me
here, too - before the surge occurred, we said they'll be out by the
end of the summer. That's what the military said. The reason for
that is...

RADDATZ: The military follows orders. I mean, there - trust
me. There are people who were concerned about pulling out on the
fighting season.

BIDEN: Sure. There are people that are concerned, but not the
Joint Chiefs. That was their recommendation in the Oval Office to the
president of the United States of America. I sat there. I'm sure
you'll find someone who disagrees with the Pentagon. I'm positive
you'll find that within the military. But that's not the case here.

And, secondly, the reason why the military said that is, you
cannot wait and have a cliff. It takes - you know - months and
months and months to draw down forces.

RYAN: Let me...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: Let me try and illustrate the issue here, because I think
this - it can get a little confusing. We've all met with General
Allen and General Scaparrotti in Afghanistan to talk about fighting
seasons.

Here's the way it works. The mountain passes fill in with snow.
The Taliban and the terrorists and the Haqqani and the Quetta Shura
come over from Pakistan to fight our men and women. When it fills in
with snow, they can't do it. That's what we call fighting seasons.
In the warm months, fighting gets really high. In the winter, it goes
down.

And so when Admiral Mullen and General Petraeus came to Congress
and said, if you pull these people out before the fighting season is
end, it puts people more at risk. That's the problem.

Yes, we drew 22,000 troops down last month, but the remaining
troops that are there, who still have the same mission to prosecute
counterinsurgency, are doing it with fewer people. That makes them
less safe.

BIDEN: Fighting season...

RYAN: We're sending fewer people out in all of these hotspots to
do the same job that they were supposed to do a month ago.

BIDEN: Because we turned it over...

RYAN: But we took 22,000 people out...

BIDEN: ... we turned it over to the Afghan troops we trained.
No one got pulled out that didn't get filled in by trained Afghan
personnel. And he's - he's conflating two issues. The fighting
season that Petraeus was talking about and former - and Admiral
Mullen was the fighting season this spring. That's what he was
talking about. We did not - we did not pull them out.

RYAN: The calendar works the same every year.

BIDEN: It does work the same every year. But we're not staying
there...

RYAN: Spring, summer, fall. It's warm, or it's not. They're
still fighting us. They're still coming over the passes. They're
still coming into Zabul, to Kunar, to all of these areas, but we are
sending fewer people to the front to fight them. And that's...

(CROSSTALK)

BIDEN: That's right, because that's the Afghan responsibility.
We've trained them.

RYAN: Not in the east.

RADDATZ: Let's move - let's move to another war.

BIDEN: Not in the east?

RYAN: R.C. East - R.C. East...

BIDEN: R.C. East is the most dangerous place in the world.

RYAN: That's right. That's why we don't want to send fewer
people to the...

BIDEN: That's - that's why we should send Americans in to do
the job, instead of the - you'd rather Americans be going in doing
the job instead of the trainees?

RYAN: No. We are already sending Americans to do the job, but
fewer of them. That's the whole problem.

BIDEN: That's right. We're sending in more Afghans to do the
job, Afghans to do the job.

RADDATZ: Let's move to another war, the civil war in Syria,
where there are estimates that more - estimates that more than
25,000, 30,000 people have now been killed. In March of last year,
President Obama explained the military action taken in Libya by saying
it was in the national interest to go in and prevent further massacres
from occurring there. So why doesn't the same logic apply in Syria?
Vice President Biden?

BIDEN: Different country. It's a different country. It is five
times as large geographically, it has one-fifth the population, that
is Libya, one-fifth the population, five times as large
geographically.

It's in a part of the world where they're not going to see
whatever would come from that war. It seep into a regional war.

You're in a country that is heavily populated in the midst of the
most dangerous area in the world. And, in fact, if in fact it blows
up and the wrong people gain control, it's going to have impact on the
entire region causing potentially regional wars.

We are working hand and glove with the Turks, with the
Jordanians, with the Saudis, and with all the people in the region
attempting to identify the people who deserve the help so that when
Assad goes - and he will go - there will be a legitimate government
that follows on, not an Al Qaida-sponsored government that follows on.

And all this loose talk of my friend, Governor Romney, and the
congressman, about how we're going to do, we could do so much more in
there, what more would they do other than put American boots on the
ground?

The last thing America needs is to get in another ground war in
the Middle East, requiring tens of thousands, if not well over 100,000
American forces. That - they are the facts. They are the facts.

anything. He - he goes up with a whole lot of verbiage, but when he
gets pressed he says, no, he would not do anything different than we
are doing now.

Are they proposing putting American troops on the ground?
Putting American aircraft in the airspace? Is that what they're
proposing? If they do, they should speak up and say so, but that's
not what they're saying.

We are doing it exactly like we need to do to identify those
forces who, in fact, will provide for a stable government and not
cause a regional Sunni-Shia war when Bassad (sic) - when Bashar Assad
falls.

RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: Nobody is proposing to send troops to Syria. American
troops.

Now, let me say it this way. How would we do things differently?
We wouldn't refer to Bashar Assad as a reformer when he's killing his
own civilians with his Russian-provided weapons. We wouldn't be
outsourcing our foreign policy to the United Nations giving Vladimir
Putin veto power over our efforts to try and deal with this issue.
He's vetoed three of them.

Hillary Clinton went to Russia to try and convince them not to do
so. They thwarted her efforts. She said they were on the wrong side
of history. She was right about that. This is just one more example
of how the Russia reset's not working.

And so where are we? After international pressure mounted, the
President Obama said Bashar Assad should go. It's been over a year.
The man has slaughtered tens of thousands of his own people. And more
foreign fighters are spilling into this country.

So the longer this has gone on, the more people, groups like Al
Qaida are going in. We could have more easily identified the free
Syrian army, the freedom fighters, working with our allies, the Turks,
the Qataris, the Saudis, had we had a better plan in place to begin
with working through our allies. But, no, we waited for Kofi Annan to
try and come up with an agreement through the U.N. That bought Bashar
Assad time.

We gave Russia veto power over our efforts through the U.N. And
meanwhile about 30,000 Syrians are dead.

BIDEN: What would my friend do differently? If you notice, he
never answers the question.

RYAN: No, I would - I - we would not be going through the U.N.
in all of these things.

BIDEN: Let me - you don't go through the U.N. We are in the
process now - and have been for months - in making sure that help,
humanitarian aid, as well as other aid and training is getting to
those forces that we believe, the Turks believe, the Jordanians
believe, the Saudis believe are the free forces inside of Syria. That
is underway.

Our allies were all on the same page, NATO, as well as our Arab
allies, in terms of trying to get a settlement. That was their idea.
We're the ones that said, "Enough."
With regard to the reset not working, the fact of the matter is
that Russia has a different interest in Syria than we do, and that's
not in our interest.

RADDATZ: What happens if Assad does not fall, Congressman Ryan?
What happens to the region? What happens if he hangs on? What
happens if he does?

RYAN: Then Iran keeps their greatest ally in the region. He's a
sponsor of terrorism. He'll probably continue slaughtering his
people. We and the world community will lose our credibility on this.
Look, he mentioned the reset...

RADDATZ: So what would Romney-Ryan do about that credibility?

RYAN: Well, we agree with the same red line, actually, they do
on chemical weapons, but not putting American troops in, other than to
secure those chemical weapons. They're right about that.

But what we should have done earlier is work with those freedom
fighters, those dissidents in Syria. We should not have called Bashar
Assad a reformer. And...

RADDATZ: What's your criteria...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: ... we should not have - we should not have waited to
Russia...

RADDATZ: What's your criteria...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: ... should not have waited for Russia to give us the green
light at the U.N. to do something about it.

BIDEN: Russia...

RYAN: They're - they're still arming the man. Iran is flying
flights over Iraq...

BIDEN: And the opposition is being armed.

RYAN: ... to help Bashar Assad. And, by the way, if we had the
status-of-forces agreement that the vice president said he would bet
his vice presidency on in Iraq, we probably would have been able to
prevent that. But he failed to achieve that, as well, again.

RADDATZ: Let me ask you a quick question.

BIDEN: I don't...

RADDATZ: What's your criteria for intervention?

BIDEN: Yeah.
RYAN: In Syria?

RADDATZ: Worldwide.

RYAN: What is in the national interests of the American people.

RADDATZ: How about humanitarian interests?

RYAN: What is in the national security of the American people.
It's got to be in the strategic national interests of our country.

RADDATZ: No humanitarian?

RYAN: Each situation will - will come up with its own set of
circumstances, but putting American troops on the ground? That's got
to be within the national security interests of the American people.

RADDATZ: I want to - we're - we're almost out of time here.

RYAN: That means like embargoes and sanctions and overflights,
those are things that don't put American troops on the ground. But if
you're talking about putting American troops on the ground, only in
our national security interests.

RADDATZ: I want to move on, and I want to return home for these
last few questions. This debate is, indeed, historic. We have two
Catholic candidates, first time, on a stage such as this. And I would
like to ask you both to tell me what role your religion has played in
your own personal views on abortion.

Please talk about how you came to that decision. Talk about how
your religion played a part in that. And, please, this is such an
emotional issue for so many people in this country...

RYAN: Sure.

RADDATZ: ... please talk personally about this, if you could.

Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: I don't see how a person can separate their public life
from their private life or from their faith. Our faith informs us in
everything we do. My faith informs me about how to take care of the
vulnerable, of how to make sure that people have a chance in life.

RYAN: Now, you want to ask basically why I'm pro-life? It's not
simply because of my Catholic faith. That's a factor, of course. But
it's also because of reason and science.

You know, I think about 10 1/2 years ago, my wife Janna and I
went to Mercy Hospital in Janesville where I was born, for our seven
week ultrasound for our firstborn child, and we saw that heartbeat. A
little baby was in the shape of a bean. And to this day, we have
nicknamed our firstborn child Liza, "Bean." Now I believe that life
begins at conception.

That's why - those are the reasons why I'm pro-life. Now I
understand this is a difficult issue, and I respect people who don't
agree with me on this, but the policy of a Romney administration will
be to oppose abortions with the exceptions for rape, incest and life
of the mother. What troubles me more is how this administration has
handled all of these issues. Look at what they're doing through
Obamacare with respect to assaulting the religious liberties of this
country. They're infringing upon our first freedom, the freedom of
religion, by infringing on Catholic charities, Catholic churches,
Catholic hospitals.

Our church should not have to sue our federal government to
maintain their religious liberties. And with respect to abortion, the
Democratic Party used to say they wanted it to be safe, legal and
rare. Now they support it without restriction and with taxpayer
funding. Taxpayer funding in Obamacare, taxpayer funding with foreign
aid. The vice president himself went to China and said that he
sympathized and wouldn't second guess their one child policy of forced
abortions and sterilizations. That to me is pretty extreme.

RADDATZ: Vice President Biden?

BIDEN: My religion defines who I am, and I've been a practicing
Catholic my whole life. And has particularly informed my social
doctrine. The Catholic social doctrine talks about taking care of
those who - who can't take care of themselves, people who need help.
With regard to - with regard to abortion, I accept my church's
position on abortion as a - what we call a (inaudible) doctrine.
Life begins at conception in the church's judgment. I accept it in my
personal life.

But I refuse to impose it on equally devout Christians and
Muslims and Jews, and I just refuse to impose that on others, unlike
my friend here, the - the congressman. I - I do not believe that we
have a right to tell other people that - women they can't control
their body. It's a decision between them and their doctor. In my
view and the Supreme Court, I'm not going to interfere with that.
With regard to the assault on the Catholic church, let me make it
absolutely clear, no religious institution, Catholic or otherwise,
including Catholic Social Services, Georgetown Hospital, Mercy
Hospital, any hospital, none has to either refer contraception, none
has to pay for contraception, none has to be a vehicle to get
contraception in any insurance policy they provide. That is a fact.

That is a fact. Now with regard to the way in which the - we
differ, my friend says that he - well I guess he accepts Governor
Romney's position now, because in the past he has argued that there
was - there's rape and forcible rape. He's argued that in the case
of rape or incest, it was still - it would be a crime to engage in
having an abortion. I just fundamentally disagree with my friend.

RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan.

RYAN: All I'm saying is, if you believe that life begins at
conception, that, therefore, doesn't change the definition of life.
That's a principle. The policy of a Romney administration is to
oppose abortion with exceptions for rape, incest and life of the
mother.

Now, I've got to take issue with the Catholic church and
religious liberty.

BIDEN: You have on the issue...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: ... why would they keep - why would they keep suing you?
It's a distinction without a difference.

RADDATZ: I want to go back to the abortion question here. If
the Romney-Ryan ticket is elected, should those who believe that
abortion should remain legal be worried?

RYAN: We don't think that unelected judges should make this
decision; that people through their elected representatives in
reaching a consensus in society through the democratic process should
make this determination.

BIDEN: The court - the next president will get one or two
Supreme Court nominees. That's how close Roe v. Wade is. Just ask
yourself, with Robert Bork being the chief adviser on the court for –
for Mr. Romney, who do you think he's likely to appoint? Do you think
he's likely to appoint someone like Scalia or someone else on the
court far right that would outlaw (inaudible) - outlaw abortion? I
suspect that would happen.

I guarantee you, that will not happen. We picked two people. We
pick people who are open-minded. They've been good justices. So keep
an eye on the Supreme Court...

RYAN: Was there a litmus test on them?

BIDEN: There was no litmus test. We picked people who had an
open mind; did not come with an agenda.

RADDATZ: I'm - I'm going to move on to this closing question
because we are running out of time.

Certainly (inaudible) and you've said it here tonight, that the
two of you respect our troops enormously. Your son has served and
perhaps someday your children will serve as well.

I recently spoke to a highly decorated soldier who said that this
presidential campaign has left him dismayed. He told me, quote, "the
ads are so negative and they are all tearing down each other rather
than building up the country."

What would you say to that American hero about this campaign?
And at the end of the day, are you ever embarrassed by the tone?

Vice President Biden?

BIDEN: I would say to him the same thing I say to my son who did
serve a year in Iraq, that we only have one truly sacred obligation as
a government. That's to equip those we send into harm's way and care
for those who come home. That's the only sacred obligation we have.
Everything else falls behind that.

I would also tell him that the fact that he, this decorated
soldier you talked about, fought for his country, that that should be
honored. He should not be thrown into a category of a 47 percent who
don't pay their taxes while he was out there fighting and not having
to pay taxes, and somehow not taking responsibility.

I would also tell him that there are things that have occurred in
this campaign and occur in every campaign that I'm sure both of us
regret anyone having said, particularly in these - these special new
groups that can go out there, raise all the money they want, not have
to identify themselves, who say the most scurrilous things about the
other candidate. It's - it's an abomination.

But the bottom line here is I'd ask that hero you referenced to
take a look at whether or not Governor Romney or President Obama has
the conviction to help lift up the middle class, restore them to where
they were before this great recession hit and they got wiped out. Or
whether or not he's going to continue to focus on taking care of only
the very wealthy, not asking them to make - pay any part of the deal
to bring - bring back the middle class and the economy of this
country.

I'd ask him to take a look at whether the president of the United
States has acted wisely in the use of force and whether or not the
slipshod comments being made by my - my - or by Governor Romney
serve - serve our interests very well.

But there are things that have been said in campaigns that I - I
find not very appealing.

RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: First of all, I'd thank him to his service to our country.

Second of all, I'd say we are not going to impose these
devastating cuts on our military which compromises their mission and
their safety.

And then I would say, you have a president who ran for president
four years ago promising hope and change, who has now turned his
campaign into attack, blame and defame.

You see, if you don't have a good record to run on, then you
paint your opponent as someone to run from. That was what President
Obama said in 2008. It's what he's doing right now.

Look at all the string of broken promises. If you like your
health care plan, you can keep it. Try telling that to the 20 million
people who are projected to lose their health insurance if Obamacare
goes through or the 7-point million - 7.4 million seniors who are
going to lose it.

Or remember when he said this: I guarantee if you make less than
$250,000, your taxes won't go up. Of the 21 tax increases in
Obamacare, 12 of them hit the middle class.

Or remember when he said health insurance premiums will go down
$2,500 per family, per year? They've gone up $3,000, and they're
expected to go up another $2,400.

Or remember when he said, "I promise by the end of my first term
I'll cut the deficit in half in four years"? We've had four budgets,
four trillion-dollar deficits.

A debt crisis is coming. We can't keep spending and borrowing
like this. We can't keep spending money we don't have.

Leaders run to problem to fix problems. President Obama has not
even put a credible plan on the table in any of his four years to deal
with this debt crisis. I passed two budgets to deal with this. Mitt
Romney's put ideas on the table.

We've got to tackle this debt crisis before it tackles us. The
budget office, "Can we see the plan?" They sent us to the press
Congressional Budget Office, "Tell us what President Obama's plan is
to prevent a debt crisis." They said, "It's a speech, we can't
estimate speeches."

You see, that's what we get in this administration - speeches –
but we're not getting leadership.

Mitt Romney is uniquely qualified to fix these problems. His
lifetime of experience, his proven track record of bipartisanship.

And what do we have from the president? He broke his big promise
to bring people together to solve the country's biggest problems.

And what I would tell him is we don't have to settle for this.

BIDEN: Martha?

RYAN: We can do better than this.

BIDEN: I hope I'll get equal time.

RADDATZ: You will get just a few minutes here. A few seconds,
really.

BIDEN: The two budgets the congressman introduced have
eviscerated all the things that the middle class cares about. It is
(inaudible) he will knock 19 million people off of Medicare. It will
kick 200,000 children off of early education. It will eliminate the
tax credit people have to be able to send their children to college.
It cuts education by $450 billion.

It does - it does virtually nothing except continue to increase
the tax cuts for the very wealthy. And, you know, we've had enough of
this.

The idea that he's so concerned about these deficits, I've
pointed out he voted to put two wars on a credit card. He did...

RADDATZ: We're going to - we're going to the closing statements
in a minute.

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: You're going to have your closing statement.

RYAN: Not raising taxes is not cutting taxes. And by the way,
our budget...

BIDEN: We have not raised...

(CROSSTALK)

RYAN: ... by 3 percent a year instead of 4.5 percent like they
propose. Not spending more money as much as they say is not a
spending cut.

RADDATZ: Let me - let me calm down things here just for a
minute. And I want to talk to you very briefly before we go to
closing statements about your own personal character. If you are
elected, what could you both give to this country as a man, as a human
being, that no one else could?

RYAN: Honesty, no one else could? There are plenty of fine
people who could lead this country. But what you need are people who,
when they say they're going to do something, they go do it. What you
need are, when people see problems, they offer solutions to fix those
problems. We're not getting that.

Look, we can grow this economy faster. That's what our five-
point plan for a stronger middle class is all about. It's about
getting 12 million jobs, higher take-home pay, getting people out of
poverty into the middle class. That means going with proven, pro-
growth policies that we know works to get people back to work.
Putting ideas on the table, working with Democrats - that actually
works sometimes - and then...

(CROSSTALK)

RADDATZ: Vice President, can we get to that - to that issue of
what you could bring as a man, a human being? And I really - I'm
going to keep you to about 15 seconds here.

BIDEN: Well, he gets 40, I get 15, that's OK.

RADDATZ: He didn't have 40. He didn't have 40.

BIDEN: That's all right.

Let me tell you. I - my - my record stands for itself. I
never say anything I don't mean. Everybody knows, whatever I say, I
do. And my whole life has been devoted to leveling the playing field
for middle-class people, giving them an even break, treating Main
Street and Wall Street the same, hold them to the same responsibility.

Look at my record. It's been all about the middle class.
They're the people who grow this country. We think you grow this
country from the middle out, not from the top down.

RADDATZ: OK, we now turn to the candidates for their closing
statements. Thank you, gentlemen. And that coin toss, again, has
Vice President Biden starting with the closing statement.

BIDEN: Well, let - let me say at the outset that I want to
thank you, Martha, for doing this, and Centre College. The fact is
that we're in a situation where we inherited a god-awful circumstance.
People are in real trouble. We acted to move to bring relief to the
people who need the most help now.

And - and in the process, we - in case you haven't noticed, we
have strong disagreements, but I - you probably detected my
frustration with their attitude about the American people. My friend
says that 30 percent of the American people are takers. Romney points
out 47 percent of the people won't take responsibility.

He's talking about my mother and father. He's talking about the
places I grew up in, my neighbors in Scranton and Claymont, and he's
talking about - he's talking about the people that have built this
country. All they're looking for, Martha, all they're looking for is
an even shot. Whenever you give them the shot, they've done it.
They've done it. Whenever you've leveled the playing field, they've
been able to move. And they want a little bit of peace of mind.

And the president and I are not going to rest until that playing
field is leveled, they, in fact, have a clear shot, and they have
peace of mind, until they can turn to their kid and say with a degree
of confidence, "Honey, it's going to be OK. It's going to be OK."
That's what this is all about.
RADDATZ: Congressman Ryan?

RYAN: I want to thank you, as well, Martha, Danville, Kentucky,
Centre College, and I want to thank you, Joe. It's been an honor to
engage in this critical debate.

We face a very big choice. What kind of country are we going to
be? What kind of country are we going to give our kids? President
Obama, he had his chance. He made his choices. His economic agenda,
more spending, more borrowing, higher taxes, a government takeover of
health care. It's not working. It's failed to create the jobs we
need.

Twenty-three million Americans are struggling for work today.
Fifteen percent of Americans are in poverty. This is not what a real
recovery looks like. You deserve better. Mitt Romney and I want to
earn your support. We're offering real reforms for a real recovery
for every American.

Mitt Romney - his experience, his ideas, his solutions - is
uniquely qualified to get this job done. At a time when we have a
jobs crisis in America, wouldn't it be nice to have a job-creator in
the White House?

The choice is clear: a stagnant economy that promotes more
government dependency or a dynamic, growing economy that promotes
opportunity and jobs. Mitt Romney and I will not duck the tough
issues, and we will not blame others for the next four years. We will
take responsibility. And we will not try to replace our founding
principles. We will reapply our founding principles.

The choice is clear, and the choice rests with you. And we ask
you for your vote. Thank you.

RADDATZ: And thank you both again. Thank you very much.

BIDEN: Thank you.

RADDATZ: This concludes the vice presidential debate. Please
tune in next Tuesday for the second presidential debate at Hofstra
University in New York. I'm Martha Raddatz of ABC News. I do hope
all of you go to the polls. Have a good evening.